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Geography Revision Notes
Settlement Characteristics:

A settlement is a place where people live. They can be permanent or temporary.
Wet point sites; such as villages in the South Downs have a good water supply.
Dry point sites, like Ely in Cambridgeshire, are away from the risk of flooding.
Defensive sites,…

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Urbanisation in MEDC's:

Urbanisation is an increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas. It can cause a
number of problems such as congestion, lack of housing and environmental degradation.
More people are choosing to live on the edge of urban areas, with many actually relocating
to the…

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Population Distribution and Density:

This is the way people are spread across an area. There are different scales: local, regional,
national, and global.
It can be measured by calculating population density, which is total population over total
land area
Population density and economic development are not closely linked.
People are…

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- Population increases faster than food supply so there would come a time when the world could not
- Population increases geometrically (1, 2, 4, 8, and 16)
- Food supply increases arithmetically (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5)

- Population would outgrow the amount of food available leading…

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Migration is the movement of people from one place to another.
Internal migration is when people migrate within the same country or region.
International migration is when people migrate from one country to another.
Emigration is when someone leaves a country.
Immigration is when someone enters a country.
Economic migration…

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- 15 months fully paid - Falling population due
maternity leave to fertility rate
declining from 2.2 in
1988 to 1.4 in 1998

Attempts to create high-quality living spaces in urban and rural areas for all urban populations

MEDC Examples:

1) Barcelona (Spain)

A scheme was created called `biking' where…

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