WJEC Geography B Notes

Compiled from my class notes etc.

Theme 1

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General Theme 1 Notes
24 March 2014 23:06
This theme consists of:
· How the world's population is changing
· What the effects of these changes will be
· Why people move
· Why people become refugees
· How countries can control their population
· What do we mean by quality of life
· Why settlements are found in particular areas
· How housing is accessed by different groups of people
· Why people move to cities
· How shopping has changed
· How cities are changing
· How planning for change can be managed
· Why our countryside is changing
· How people live in LEDCs
· Who makes decisions about our towns and cities.
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Population Definitions
24 March 2014 23:37
Explain population terms
1. Birth rate: No. of live births per 1000 people a year.
2. Death rate: Number of deaths per 1000 people a year.
3. Migration: Number of people moving in or out.
4. Emigrant: Leave your country.
5. Immigrant: Move to another country.
6. Natural increase: The difference between the birth rate and the death rate.
7. Infant mortality: The number of babies that die before their first birthday.
8.…read more

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Population Growth
24 March 2014 23:41
Why population has grown and the consequences.…read more

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Demographic Transition Model
24 March 2014 23:50
NIC - Newly Industrialised Country. This is a country that is
Understand the demographic transition model developing but is not a MEDC yet e.g. Brazil.
Many countries have had a similar pattern of pop. increase over time. Geographers have devised a
model to show and explain this.
1. High Stationary:
a. The death rate is high
i. Lack of clean water
ii. Lack of medical care
b. Birth rate is high
i. Lack of birth control
ii.…read more

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Pop. doesn't increase much
ii. UK in this stage since 1950.
iii. Other MEDCs (USA, France, Japan)
iv. Few LEDCs have reached this stage
5. Declining
a. Death rate could increase
i. Greater amount of pop. elderly
b. Birth rate remains low
i. Lifestyle changes mean people have fewer children, later on in life
c. Negative Natural Increase
i. Pop. falls
ii. Stage wasn't initially in the model. Added after recent developments.
iii. UK could enter stage 5 soon
iv.…read more

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Population Pyramids
25 March 2014 00:22
Population pyramids are drawn to show % of a country's pop. in different age/sex groups.…read more

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25 March 2014 00:17
Key migration definitions Infrastructure: The systems needed to make a region work
efficiently. These include paved roads, communication facilities,
· Urbanisation: Rural to urban power supply, water supplies and sewers.…read more

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Urban land use models
25 March 2014 00:34
The Burgess Model
Based his research in Chicago.
Claimed that most cities and town grow outwards from an old centre equally in all directions.
Factories/Industry - Area of
The Hoyt Sector Model
Hoyt developed his model after the introduction of public transport.
Claimed that land uses developed in sectors along main transport routes.
Claimed that industry and low cost housing developed in one part of town in the 19th century.…read more

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Dormitory town is the same as a commuter village. People live in a town outside of the city and commute
everyday into the city. They use the town only to sleep in. They socialise only in the city and there tends
not to be a community spirit in the town.…read more

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26 March 2014 19:18
Theme 1 Page 10…read more


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