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To what extent was the
League of Nations a success?…read more

Slide 2

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Aims of the League
» To prevent aggression between nations
» Encourage co-operation between countries
» Work towards international disarmament
» Improve the living and working conditions of all people…read more

Slide 3

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Structure of the League
The Assembly The Secretariat The International Labour Organisation(ILO)
» Debating chamber of the league » Civil service that carried out the » Aimed to improve the conditions of
administration of the league working people around the world
» Every member country had one vote in
the assembly » Kept records of the leagues meetings » Made up of employers, governments and
and prepared report working representatives
» They met once a year
» Met up once a year
» Decisions made by the assembly had to The Permanent Court of International
be unanimous and they could only Justice » Collated statistics and information about
recommend action to the league council working conditions
(not actually carry anything out) » Group of judges from member countries
» Focused on issues such as wage rates,
» Gave decisions about disputes when hours of work, safety, and the
The Council asked to employment of women and children
» Met up three times a year and in times of » Gave legal advice to the Assembly and
emergency Council The Commissions
» 5 permanent members; Britain, France, » Had no way of making sure that decisions » Mandates Commission
Italy, Japan and Germany(from 1926) were put into action » World Health Organisation
» Germany had the power to veto any » Refugee Organisation
action proposed by the council
» Slavery Commission
» Temporary members were elected for
three years at a time…read more

Slide 4

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Membership of the League
» There were 42 original members of the League, later 60.
» The USA chose not to join the league
» Their congress voted against joining because they believe din isolationism
» Didn't want to pay the cost of fixing other peoples problems
» Disliked Britain and France at the time
» Thought that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair and didn't want to upset the many German
immigrants living in the USA
» They were unwilling to sacrifice their troops
» Germany didn't join the league until 1926
» They weren't allowed to join originally
» They had to prove that they were a peace loving country
» Russia weren't allowed to join the league
» The western countries were suspicious about the spread of communism
» They didn't want to join the league and saw it as a "rich boys club"…read more

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Organisational Weaknesses
» Defeated countries weren't allowed to join
» The powerful countries were missing (USA)
» They were too slow at dealing with problems
» The decisions made had to be unanimous
» The League had no army
» It was dominated by Britain and France
The League only had two ways of dealing with issues; Economic sanctions and moral condemnation.…read more

Slide 6

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The Successes of the League
Aaland Islands 1920-21 Austria 1922
The Aaland islands are After world war one, the government in Austria was
sandwiched between Sweden and Finland, and facing an economic disaster. The league helped by
both counties wanted them for themselves. They sending in financial experts to try and control the
were both willing to fight for the islands. situation.
The League assessed the situation and eventually By doing so they managed to stop the collapse of the
gave the islands to Finland. This was a success of Austrian government, through reorganising their
the league because both countries accepted the finances and economy.
Upper Silesia 1920
Bulgaria 1925
Upper Silesia was an industrial
region between Germany and Poland, and both Greek soldiers were killed on the border
countries wanted it because of the money that they between Greece and Bulgaria, which led to the
could gain from the steel and iron industry. Greeks invading Bulgaria.
A vote (called a plebiscite) was given to the citizens.
The results of the plebiscite showed that the The Greeks were condemned and made to pull out of
industrial areas wanted to join Germany, and the Bulgaria, they were also made to
rural areas wanted to join Poland. pay compensation to Bulgaria. It was overall success
This led the league to divide Upper Silesia between because the matter was resolved.
the two countries. The league had to safeguard rail
links and monitor the division. This was a success for
the league, as they solved the problem by coming to
a compromise.…read more

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