To What Extent Was the League of Nations a Success?

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  • To What Extent Was the League of Nations a Success?
    • What Were the Aims of the League?
      • Permanent Court of International Justice
        • Created to settle disputes between countries.
      • Special Commissions
        • Refugees Committee
        • Slavery Commission
        • Health Committee
    • How Far Did  Weaknesses in the League's Organisation Make Failure Inevitable?
    • How Successful Was the League in the 1920s?
      • Successes
        • Preserving peace between minor powers
          • Aaland Islands - 1921
          • Upper Silesia - 1921
          • Bulgaria - 1925
        • Helped to rebuild Europe and aid refugees after WWI
        • Improved health and labour conditions around the world
        • Locarno Agreements -1925
          • Germany joins League in 1926.
        • Kellogg-Briand Pact - 1928
          • 65 states agreed their armies would be used only for 'self-defence.'
        • Provided the groundwork for the UN
      • Failures
        • The Corfu Incident
          • Mussolini occupied Corfu in 1923 after the murder of an Italian diplomat
            • A decision made by the League regarding financial compensation was overturned by Mussolini
              • The League seemed weak
        • French Occupation of the Ruhr
          • Germany failed to keep up with reparations payments
            • France invaded the industrial region of the Ruhr in 1923
              • The League didn't intervene
        • Vilna - 1920
    • How Far did the Depression Make the Work of the League More Difficult?
      • People were much more likely to support extreme leaders due to poverty
        • Rise of Dictators
          • Rome-Berlin Axis - 1936
            • Italy leaves - 1937
              • USSR expelled - 1939
                • Powerless to prevent WWII
        • Hitler comes to power in 1933
          • The Disarmament Conference - 1932-34
            • Germany complained only it had disarmed.
              • League could not get other members to agree to disarm.
                • Germany left the League, along with Japan  (1933), and began to rearm openly.
                  • Powerless to prevent WWII
      • Countries such as Britain and France were less willing to help - far more concerned about domestic issues
      • Aggravating factor in international conflicts
        • Why did the League Fail over Manchuria and Abyssinia
          • Manchurian Crisis - 1931
            • Japan invaded Manchuria.
              • After a long delay, no action was taken.
                • Made the League seem weak and ineffective.
            • Abyssinian Crisis - 1935-36
              • Italy invaded Abyssinia
                • League members could not agree sanctions against Italy.
                  • League was seen as powerless and irrelevant.
        • Why did the League Fail over Manchuria and Abyssinia
          • Manchurian Crisis - 1931
            • Japan invaded Manchuria.
              • After a long delay, no action was taken.
                • Made the League seem weak and ineffective.
            • Abyssinian Crisis - 1935-36
              • Italy invaded Abyssinia
                • League members could not agree sanctions against Italy.
                  • League was seen as powerless and irrelevant.

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