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Treaty of Versailles
Georges Clemenceau France
Woodrow Wilson USA
David Lloyd George Britain

Leaders aim at the Paris peace conference
Some felt that the aim was to punish Germany.
Others felt the aim was cripple Germany so that they could not start another war.
Many felt that the point of…

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German reactions to the treaty of Versailles
They were to lose:
10% of its land
All of its over sea colonies
12.5% of its population
16% of its coalfield
Almost half of its iron and steel industry
They felt as though they did not start the war nor lost the…

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League of Nations
It is an organisation that could solve international problems without resorting to war.
All the major nations joined the league.
They would disarm.
Any dispute that may occur is to be brought to the league.
Members promised to accept decisions made by the league and to protect…

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· The league was helping to deal with disputes between nations as well as other major issues.
· The Mandates Commission: made sure that Britain and France acted in the interest of the
German territories rather than its own.
· The Refugees Committee: helped to return refugees to their homes…

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The Geneva protocol was set up because the league realised that it could be undermined by its own
members who was demonstrated in the Corfu incident. The Geneva protocol was set up in 1924
which was If 2 members were in dispute, they would have to go to the league…

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The Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928
After the Locarno treaty the Kellogg Briand marked the high point of international relation on the
1920s. The states had to agree to use their armies only for self-defence.

How did economic recovery help?
The Dawes plan of 1924 had helped to sort out Germany's economic…

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This was a fatal blow to the league when Italian dictator Mussolini invaded Abyssinia. It had
similarities like the Japanese. Italy too was a leading member of the league, wanted to expand its
empire by invading another country. The origins o f the crisis goes back to 1896 when Italian…

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· The USA and other important countries were absent: without major powers such as
the USA and USSR the league lacked authority and the sanction were not effective.

Germany 1918-1933: The Weimer Republic
The impact of the war on Germany by 1918:
Germany was bankrupt:
War left 600,000 widows and…

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