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Timeline of events 15091534
1509 Henry VII dies and King Henry VIII succeeds to the throne, court is unaware of Henry VII's death for three
days to prevent any challenge to Henry VIII's claim.
1511 Henry gets court's approval to go to war with France, Henry is still very young at this point and yearns for
war a glory and looks to influences like Henry V and King Author the Great for inspiration in war and foreign policy
particularly wants to follow Henry V's example at the Battle of Agincourt.
1512 In April England officially declares war on France and in June the campaign against the French begins in
1513 England invades Calais with an army of 35,000 men Queen Catherine of Aragon (Henry VIII's wife) plays
regent in Henry's departure. On the 9th of September while Henry is in France James IV King of Scotland and
30,000 men invade northern England and Catherine who is playing regent having been taught military principles by
her father as a child dispatches men to defeat the Scottish, King James IV and 10,000 men are killed at the `Battle
of Flodden' leaving the 18 month old infant James V to succeed to the throne, with his mother Margaret sister to
Henry VIII and James V's mother as protector.
1515 Cardinal Wolsey appointed as Lord Chancellor of England by King Henry VIII, he is now one of the most
powerful men in England able to influence the King who doesn't trust his nobles and is known throughout his reign
for appointing commoners to do jobs that belong to people in the nobility who were `born to it'.
1516 Mary Tudor the future Mary I, the only surviving child of Catherine of Aragon is born much to Henry's
disappointment although he does show Mary a lot of affection until her bastardization following her mother's divorce
to Henry VIII.
1520 Henry meets Francis I at the `Field of the Cloth of Gold'. This was meeting between the Kings in a Field just
outside of Calais and was followed by two weeks of extravagant entertainment, and the Kings trying to outdo each
other with clothes jewels and other expenses, this shows the lovehate relationship England and France always had
throughout Henry VIII's reign.
1521 Henry VIII is granted with the title `Defender of the Faith' Pope Leo X conferred the title on Henry for his
book 'Assertio Septem Sacramentorum' (Defence of the Seven Sacraments), which affirmed the supremacy of the
pope. Since 1516, the reforming ideas of German theologian Martin Luther had spread through Europe and were
seen as a major threat by the Catholic Church. Protestantism reached England very quickly, but its growth was to be
dramatically accelerated as a result of Henry's attempts to secure a divorce from Catherine of Aragon.
1525 `The Amicable Grant' is introduced by Thomas Wolsey it was essentially a forced loan levied one third of
the clergy's and laity's income. Henry needed an additional £800,000 to mount an invasion on France but knew he
would not get the parliament's approval because of the expense of a war and the long term unsuccessfulness and
expense he suffered from previous campaigns against France. Tensions over the Amicable Grant boiled over and a
rebellion broke out in Suffolk which resulted in a tax payers strike, Wolsey was forced to abandon the idea.
1526 Henry VIII notices Anne at court, the sister of Mary Boleyn with whom he has a short term liaison, Henry
becomes intrigued and almost obsessed by her and falls madly in love, he begins to make advances, although they
turn out unsuccessful as Anne claims that she is still a `maid' and will only give her `maidenhead' to her husband.
1527 Henry VIII appeals to the pope to annul his marriage on the grounds that Catherine of Aragon was previously
married to his brother and the bible forbids a man to marry his brother's wife on the pain that they will die childless,
and although they had a child Henry VIII believed that God's way of punishing him was not giving him a son and
heir. He wanted the annulment so he could marry Anne Boleyn but the pope stalled in giving him the annulment in th
fear that he may anger Charles V holy roman emperor the most powerful ruler in Europe and Catherine's nephew.
1529 Henry VIII removes Thomas Wolsey from all posts at court essentially sacking him and he is removed from
the King's favour and all his wealth is lost. This sudden fall from favour leads Thomas Wolsey to take his own life.
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After tireless persuasion from Henry VIII parliament grants Henry title `Supreme Head of the Church of
England as far as the law of Christ allows...' later the `as far as the law of Christ allows' is removed to give Henry
ultimate freedom and to ensure that no one can ever challenge his supremacy in England, he uses this to grant himsel
a divorce and marry Anne Boleyn in 1533.…read more