Tudor Timeline

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Tudor Timeline

1485

·         Battle of Bosworth: wins Richard

·         30th October – Coronation: big to show how powerful he was. Shows he has the church’s support. Kingship, divine status, proclaimed it was a sin to rebel through noble’s loyalty oath. Week before parliament met, so can’t claim he was only King because of Parliament’s help

·         Act against illegal retaining by nobles: House of Commons and Lords swear oath of loyalty which discourages recruitment of gentry followers

·         Great Council meeting: calling of parliament, after coronation so recognised as King and has the right to claim taxes

1486

·         Marriage of Henry to Elizabeth of York: unites two families. After coronation so can’t make assumptions that he is only King because he married Elizabeth. He used the Tudor Rose emblem used as propaganda to try and gain Yorkist support

·         3-year truce with James III and Scotland: maintain good relations

·         Navigation acts: encouraged use of English ships to carry goods to limit use of foreign ships. Wine is imported only by English ships

·         Act of resumption: reclaiming lost lands lost since 1455

·         Lovell rebellion: one of Richard III’s closest advisors went to Yorkshire to try and start a rebellion. Lovell isn’t happy that Henry has taken over. He went there to recruit followers of Richard, henry VII finds out about it and he sends Jasper his uncle to sort it out. Henry pardoned everyone but Lovell. Lovell escapes and gets involved in the Simnel rebellion.

1487

·         Star Chamber Act: moved financial control from exchequer to Star Chamber

·         Simnel rebellion and the Battle of Stoke: Simnel claimed to be Earl of Warwick, Henry VII has to parade real Earl of Warwick. Receives Yorkist support from MoB who provides Simnel with 2,000 mercenary soldiers and money for invasion of England. Battle lasted 3 hours, easily defeated.

·         Great Council meeting: response to Simnel threat

·         French trade restrictions – England supports Brittany

1488

·         Great Council meeting: authorise a subsidy for the campaign in Brittany. Henry VII worried France will become too powerful and have control over the coastline of Brittany which will affect the control of English ships.

·         France defeat Brittany: Max and Ferdinand send in troops

1489

·         Yorkshire rebellion against tax rises: Henry granted a subsidy of £100,000 from Parliament to go to aid of Brittany, Durham and Yorkshire refuse to pay. Only £27,000 collected.

·         Treaty of Redon: Brittany and England. VII agreed to send 6,000 troops in return Anne would pay for the troops, she also was not allowed to marry/ form alliances without Henry VII’s consent. Henry sent 3,000 troops suggesting he offered a limited proposal so it doesn’t alarm France.

·         Treaty of Medina Del Campo: Spain and England agreed to go to war against France to recover lost territories for England (Normandy). Cemented agreement of marriage (Catherine and

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