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1855- Alexander becomes Tsar
As Nicholas I lay on his death bad he tells his son, "I hand over to you my command, unfortunately not
as in good order as I wished."
Russia had just suffered a defeat in the Crimean War
Alexander was no liberal and still believed in…

Page 2

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9) Volosts were established to supervise the Mirs. These had their own communal courts
and provided some degree of peasant self-government, replacing the landlords'
jurisdiction over the serfs.


1862- Creation of Ministry of Finance and State Bank, Taxation collection reformed and tax farming
abolished
- Banks and credit facilities were…

Page 3

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- The press and book publishers received a new code for censorship with reduced restrictions.
- Foreign publications could be sold in Russia.
- The press was allowed to print editorials with comment on government policies for the first
time.

1868 ­ Church reforms
- Talented, educated and charismatic priests…

Page 4

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- Worked peacefully throughout Peasantry, spreading socialist propaganda and
trying to bring reform without resorting to violence.
- It developed ties with students and workers publishing radical papers.
- Weakened by arrests in 1880-81 and started to be attracted towards
Marxism.
- The People's Will
- Led by Timofei Mikhailov…

Page 5

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1891 ­ Trans Siberian Railway begins to be built.
- It linked central European Russia and Moscow with the Pacific Ocean at Vladivostok and ran for
7,000 km.
- It brought massive economic benefits with massive orders for coals and metals.
- It also helped develop Western Siberia.
- The…

Page 6

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- There were several outbreaks of disorder.

1901 ­ Assassination of N.P Bogolepov, Minister for Education
- Killed by a student named Pyotr Karpovich
- Part of the revived Populist group

The Populist groups come together to create the Socialist Revolutionary Party.
- A fairly loose organisation that was never…

Page 7

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- Widespread unrest in towns and countryside.
- Nicholas II showed no sense of leadership of direction.
- Competent ministers, like Witte, were treated with suspicion.
- It resulted in the government being deprived of effective leadership or co-ordination.

Assembly of St. Petersburg Factory Workers set up by Father Georgii…

Page 8

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- The Grand Duke Sergei, the tsar's uncle and commander of the Moscow military region, was
blown up by a Socialist Revolutionary bomb.
- Trotsky returns to Russia from his exile in Siberia
- October
- October Manifesto
- The tsar agreed to sign a decree on October 17th promising…

Page 9

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- The supreme autocratic power is vested in the Tsar of All the Russias. It is God's
command that his authority should be obeyed not only through fear but for
conscience sake.
- The tsar exercises the legislative power in conjunction with the Council of the
Empire and the Imperial…

Page 10

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- Second Duma: February ­ June
- The government tried to influence the elections into the Duma, supporting the Octobrists and
consequently doubling there representation.
- The extreme left wing also increased though, with the Bolsheviks, Mensheviks and Social
Revolutionaries participating.
- Only 30 members of the original Duma returned.…

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