Timeline for Cavour's, Napoleon's and Garibaldi's contribution to Italian Unification

A timeline to show how Cavour, Napoleon and Garibaldi contributed and influenced the events surrounding the unification of Italy.

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  • Created on: 29-04-13 00:58
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Timeline for Cavour's, Napoleon's and Garibaldi's contribution to Italian Unification
Cavour
1847 Founded the liberal newspaper `Risorgimento' through which he pressed
Charles Albert to grant a constitution (Statuto) in Piedmont and declare
war on Austria in 1848. The failure of this war made Cavour realise that
getting rid of Austrian influence was not going to be possible without the
help of France.
1852 Worked his way up to Prime Minister and will be the one to lead the way
to unification.
1854 Crimean war began. By participating in a war against Russia with
Britain, Prussia and France Cavour hoped to get a place in the peace
conference. Piedmont supplied troops, and by doing so hoped to raise
their profile and put them on the map. This would've been in the interest
of Cavour whose main goal was Piedmontese expansionism
1856 Treaty of Paris. The peace conference allowed Cavour to get Piedmont
international publicity. It's also where he would've met Napoleon III, the
man whom he believed would be able to get rid of Austria to be able to
create a Kingdom of North Italy.
July 1858 Plombieres. Cavour formed an alliance with the French to get rid of
Austria. It was agreed that a Kingdom of North Italy would be created
consisting of Piedmont, Lombardy and Venetia, Parma and Modena and
the Papal Legations. A Kingdom of Central Italy would be controlled by
Tuscany. Rome would remain in control of the Papacy and the Pope
would lead an Italian confederation to make up for him losing power. The
Kingdom of Two Sicilies was to stay the same. France would supply
200,000 troops and Piedmont 100,000 troops. Napoleon wanted Nice
and Savoy in return, but Cavour was not willing to give away Nice. The
final point was that Victor Emmanuel's teenage daughter, Princess
Clotilde would marry Napoleon's middleaged nephew, Prince Jerome.
The marriage alliance was not agreed by Cavour.
January 1859 To help provoke Austria into war Cavour wrote an antiAustrian speech
for Victor Emmanuel to give at the opening of Parliament. This speech
had little effect on the Austrians
April 1859 Austria demanded Piedmont demobilise her army as they could not
afford keeping their army ready for war. Cavour refused.
29 April 1859 Austria responded by declaring war. Neither France nor Piedmont kept
their word from Plombieres as France only supplies 100,000 out of a
promised 200,000 troops, and Piedmont supplied 60,000 out of a
promised 200,000 troops.
4 June Austrians were defeated at Magenta.
24 June Austrians were defeated at Solferino.
12 July 1859 Cavour resigned as Prime Minister due to France pulling out of the war,
and is not in office for the Treaty of Zurich in November 1859.
20 January 1860 Cavour was reappointed as Prime Minister as he realised Treaty of
Zurich and Peace of Villafranca was not going to be properly
implemented by France and Britain as they weren't committed to it.
Cavour and Napoleon met again and Cavour decided to hand over Nice
to Napoleon as long as he supported Piedmont's annexation to Central
Italy.
March 1860 Plebiscites in Tuscany and Emilia which agreed the annexation to
Piedmont. Tuscany: yes 386, 445 no 14,925. Emilia: yes 427,517 no

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Timeline for Cavour's, Napoleon's and Garibaldi's contribution to Italian Unification
756. The votes were rigged as it gave Victor Emmanuel control over a
third of Italy and half of its population
15/16 April 1860 Plebiscites in Savoy and Nice which agreed the annexation of Nice and
Savoy to France. Savoy: yes 130,583 no 235. Nice: yes 24,448
no160. Despite Victor Emmanuel II being upset about losing these
pieces of land Cavour hoped to regain them one day.…read more

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Timeline for Cavour's, Napoleon's and Garibaldi's contribution to Italian Unification
1870 FrancoPrussian War. This war caused Napoleon to withdraw his troops
from the Papal States, leading to the Italian army to march in and take
Rome. It became the capital city of Italy and completed unification.
Garibaldi
1848 He joined Charles Albert in his attempt to free Italy of Austria. He led the
army of the Roman Republic but fled to South America once it
collapsed.
34 April 1860 Riots in Sicily.…read more

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