ITALIAN UNIFICATION

HOW FAR DO YOU AGREE THAT GARIBALDI'S INTERVENTIONS IN SICILY AND NAPLES WAS THE DECISIVE TURNING POINT IN THE UNIFICATION OF ITALY IN THE YEARS 1848-70?

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  • Created on: 15-05-11 16:00

ITALIAN UNIFICATION

HOW FAR DO YOU AGREE THAT GARIBALDI'S INTERVENTION IN SCILY AND NAPLES WAS THE DECISIVE TURNING POINT IN THE UNIFICATION OF ITALY IN THE YEARS 1848-70? - Garibaldi intervention resulted in S. Italy becoming united with N. Italy

HOW DID CAVOUR LIMIT THE PROCESS OF UNIFICATION BEFORE THE INVASION?

WHAT DID CAVOUR SAY ABOUT GARIBALDI'S PLANS?

WHAT WERE GARIBALDI'D AIMS?

WHY WAS GARIBALDI UNLIKELY TO SUCCEED?

WHY WAS GARIBALDI'S SUCCESS A DECISIVE TURNING POINT?

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ITALIAN UNIFICATION

Cavour had limited the extent of Italian unification to North and Central Italy - proves Garibaldi was only interested in increasing Piedmonts power - in his opinion Sicily was to poor and backward to be taken over by Piedmont - may decrease Piedmonts power

Cavour complained 'Garibaldi was planning the wildest and absurdest of schemes'

Garibaldi wanted to release S. states from foreign rulers, without being reliant of foreign influence - also decisive turning point showed forign intervention wasn't needed - Italy could win battles by itself

it had been put together to quickly, poor resources, enemy forces were larger (in sicily Garibaldi had 3000 volunteers / enemy had 20,000), Garibaldi had no understanding of military tactics

Garibaldi's interventions were crucial - s.states could have otherwise been left behind

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ITALIAN UNIFICATION

HOW FAR DO YOU AGREE THAT GARIBALDI'S INTERVENTION IN SCILY AND NAPLES WAS THE DECISIVE TURNING POINT IN THE UNIFICATION OF ITALY IN THE YEARS 1848-70? - Garibaldi's actions led to the fateful meeting of Teano

WHAT WAS GARIBALDI'S INTENTION?

WHAT WAS CAVOUR FORCED TO DO, WHY?

WHAT DID GARIBALDI AGREE TO DO, WHAT WERE THE RESULTS?

WHAT DID THE RESULTS LEAD TO?

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ITALIAN UNIFICATION

Garibaldi's intentions was to finish his campaign by invaiding Rome

Cavour was forced to intercept Garibaldi's forces due to the possible threat of armed intervention from Catholic powers such as France

Garibaldi agreed to meed VE, could have been a highly tense scene, but Garibaldi peacefull agreed to hand over his territories to the King at the meeting of Teano

Meant almost all S and C Italy now under control of Kingdom of Piedmont - Garibaldi's actions prompted the furthur progression of Italian unification - Garibaldi layed the way clear for Cavor and Piedmont to take over Italy - in 1861 the Kingdom of Italy was proclaimed

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ITALIAN UNIFICATION

HOW FAR DO YOU AGREE THAT GARIBALDI'S INTERVENTION IN SCILY AND NAPLES WAS THE DECISIVE TURNING POINT IN THE UNIFICATION OF ITALY IN THE YEARS 1848-70? - Cavour becoming Prime Minister was decisive turning point

HOW DID PIEDMONT BECOME MORE DEVELOPED DURING CAVOURS REIGN?

HOW DID CAVOUR PLACE ITALY UP THEIR WITH THE GREAT POWERS?

WAS CAVOUR PRESSURISED INTO SENING TROOPS TO THE CRIMEAN WAR?

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ITALIAN UNIFICATION

Cavour became prime minsiter with expert knowledge of economical, financial affairs - Piedmont became a more developed and richer state - trade increased in value by 300% - by 1860 Piedmonts railway track (800 km) consisted of 1/3 of Peninsulas total

By sending troops to fight in the Crimean war, Cavour gained a seat at the Peace Conference, where he made the fateful aquaintence with Napoleon which would lead to the Plombieres meeting

Argued cavour was doubtful and was pressurised into sending troops by the King, Britian and France

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ITALIAN UNIFICATION

HOW FAR DO YOU AGREE THAT GARIBALDI'S INTERVENTION IN SCILY AND NAPLES WAS THE DECISIVE TURNING POINT IN THE UNIFICATION OF ITALY IN THE YEARS 1848-70? - AGREEMENT MADE IN THE PLOMBIERES MEETING WAS DECISIVE TURNING POINT

WHAT WAS THE RESULT OF THE PLOMBIERES MEETING?

WHY WAS THIS RESULT NEEDED?

IN WHICH BATTLES DID FRANCE HELP PIEDMONT DEFEAT AUSTRIA?

HOW CAN IT BE ARGUED THAT FRANCE HINDERED ITALIAN UNIFICATION?

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ITALIAN UNIICATION

Napoleon would support and ally with Piedmont if a war with Austria occurred, he would provide 200,000 men

italy was not strong enough economically or militarilty to defeat Austria alone - foreign intervention would be essential - the revolutions of 1820-48, Charles Alberts humiliating defeats at the Battle of Custiza and Magenta showed it would be impossible for Piedmont to defeat Prussia alone

France defeated the Austrians single-handedly at the Battle of Magenta 1859, and helped Piedmont troops defeat Austrians at the battle of Solferino 1859

Sudden true between Napoleon and Franz Joseph resulted in the Armisitce at Villafranca 1859, Austria still kept Venitia and old monarchs would be restored - u turn in italian unification - Piedmont did however get Lombardy - also prevented Rome from becoming the natural capital of Italy , by remaining in Rome to support the Pope - took three attempts to successfully unite Rome

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