HOW FAR WAS FOREIGN INFLUENCE AND INTERVENTION RESPONSIBLE FOR SHAPING ITALIAN UNIFICATION IN THE YEARS 1858-70? - FOREIGN INTERVENTION OF FRANCE
WHAT WAS AGREED AT THE PLOMBIERES MEETING?
HELPED PIEDMONT DEFEAT AUSTRIA AT WHICH BATTLES?
HOW COULD IT BE SUGGESTED THAT NAPOLEON HINDERED ITALIAN UNIFICATION?
FRECH ASSISSTANCE RESULTED IN WHAT?
At the Plombieres meeting Napoleon agreed to support and assist Piedmont if a war with Austria occurred
Battle of Magenta and Solfrino in 1859
Because of shocking nature of the battles Napoleon made a sudden true with Franz Josph, at Villafranca - allowed Austria to restore the old reactionary monarchs and keep Venitia - U turn in the unifiying process
French assistance led to defeat of Austria, something wasn't plausible a while earlier (Battle of Custoza) - Piedmont also recieved Lombardy
HOW FAR WAS FOREIGN INFLUENCE AND INTERVENTION RESPONSIBLE FOR SHAPING ITALIAN UNIFICATION IN THE YEARS 1858-70? - Austria example of foreign intervention shaping otcome of Italian unification
HOW DID IT EFFECT THE UNIFICATION PROCESS?
AUSTRIAN CHANCELLOR METTERNICH BELEIVED WHAT?
WHICH REVOLUTIONS MAINLY FAILED DUE TO AUSTRIAN INTERVENTION?
THE UNIFICATION OF THE PENINSULA COULD ONLY BE CONSIDERED AFTER WHAT?
Austrias intervention considerable hindered and slowed the process - great obstacle towards Italian unification
Metternich wanted Italy to be kept as a handful of seperate states, to increase Austri's domiance 'wanted to extinguish spirit of national unity'
1820-49 revolutions - e.g. Charled Albert and Battles of Custoza 1848 and Novara 1849 - highlighted Austria were too powerful for Italy to defeat alone
It was only after the Austria were defeated in 1860 that Italy could be united - Without the obstacle of Italy the unification process may have been much quicker
HOW FAR WAS FOREIGN INFLUENCE AND INTERVENTION RESPONSIBLE FOR SHAPING ITALIAN UNIFICATION IN THE YEARS 1858-70? - CAVOUR
HOW DID CAVOUR PLACE ITALY UP THEIR WITH THE GREAT POWERS?
WHAT DID CAVOUR REALISE, AND HOW DID THIS DIFFER FROM MAZZINI?
HOW DID CAVOURS INTERVENTION WITH GARIBALDI'S PLANCE SHAPE THE OUTCOME OF ITALIAN UNITY
MEETING OF TEANO RESULTED IN WHAT?
by decieding to include Piedmonts troops in the Crimean war Cavour ganied a seat at the Peace Conference with the great powers - led to the aquaintence with Napoleon - Plombieres meeting - led to defeaf of Austrians
Cavour reliased Italy would need outside help, unlike Mazzini who beleived 'Italy should make herself by herself'
Cavour sent troops to stop Garibaldi invading Rome, fearing possible armed intervention from France - led to Meeting of Teano - argued Cavour hindered Italian Unification
Garibaldi agreed to hand over all his territories he controlled - S. and C. Italy now under control of Kingdom of Piedmont - Meeting of Teano reulted in the Procalmation of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 under rule of Victor Emmanuel II
HOW FAR WAS FOREIGN INFLUENCE AND INTERVENTION RESPONSIBLE FOR SHAPING ITALIAN UNIFICATION IN THE YEARS 1858-70? - Garibaldi
WHAT WAS GARIBALDIS AIM?
DID HE SUCCEED?
HOW DID HIS ACTIONS AT THE MEETING OF TEANO AFFECT UNIFICATION?
WHAT WAS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CAVOUR AND GARIBALDI?
ACCORDING TO GARIBALDI ITALIAN UNIFICATION COULD ONLY COME ABOUT BY WHAT MEANS?
To release Southern Italy form foreign ruler, without being reliant on foreign influence
he was unexpectedly successful in taking control of Sicily and Naples
By agreeing to hand over his territories Garibaldi laid the way clear for Cavour and Piedmont to take over Italy - Kingdom of Italy
Garibaldi was a true disciple to the cause of unifying the whole of Italy - Cavour only interested in increasing Piedmonts power by unifying N.Italy - Covour was more pragamtic and stopped Garibaldis plans of invading Rome that may have led to an armed intervention with France
Unification could only come about by revolutionary means and armed force, without this belief the process may have been much more laborious