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THEORIES OF DREAMING

Psychological theories of dreaming:


Freud's `wish fulfilment'
Freud published his `Interpretation of Dreams' in 1901. For Freud dreams were the `Royal Road to the Unconscious'
providing the analyst with an insight into the repressed thoughts and desires of the human mind. Central to Freud's general
theory of…

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R

K


Male genitalia Aeroplanes, trains, neck ties, guns and other
weapons, bullets, hoses, snakes, fish, umbrellas,

screwdrivers and other tools...
Female genitalia Bottles, pots and pans, caves, ovens, pockets,

tunnels, jars...
Sexual act Driving a car, riding a horse, entering a room,

climbing stairs or ladders, train entering a…

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Freud's theory depends upon subjective interpretation of dream content. This will change from analyst to analyst and
Scatzman describes how Freud's own interpretations altered with time.
However, to be fair to the man, his theory was one of the first to take the issue of dreams `seriously,' and it has…

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information is being received, so it is an ideal opportunity for the brain to sort through and throw out information that it no
longer needs. According to this theory our memories are stored in interconnections of neurons. Each neuron contains a
small part of a memory. If memory is overloaded…

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onto the `thinking' part of the brain, the cortex. As a result the cortex is receiving information that it assumes is coming
from the body and the senses, especially the senses of vision and movement.
Synthesis
This incoming information is confusing for the cortex (which being anally retentive - not…

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Other evidence
Jouvet (1967) recorded PGO (pontine-geniculo-occipital) waves in cats. These occur at regular intervals during sleep and
are associated with eye movement. Hobson (1989) recorded these in the brainstems of cats during REM sleep. According
to Empson (1993) PGO waves are the `prime source of the dreaming experience.'
Seligman…

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