The Church in England: The Struggle for Supremacy Complete Timeline with extra detail

A timeline that I made, with not only all my detail form my notes but all the mark scheme information too.

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  • Created by: Rachael
  • Created on: 21-05-12 11:35
Preview of The Church in England: The Struggle for Supremacy Complete Timeline with extra detail

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British History Timeline 1529 1547
1295 ­ The Auld Alliance between France and Scotland is formed.
o Agreed to support each other.
1415 ­ The Battle of Agincourt
o Henry V achieved a glorious victory in battle against the French.
1471 ­ Henry VI and his son Edward die.
1485 22nd August ­ Battle of Bosworth (Henry VII defeats Richard III)
1513 ­ Battle of Flodden Field
o Set a precedent for Scotland assisting France by attacking England, forcing her to
fight a war on two fronts.
1514 4 December ­ Richard Hunne is found dead after being hung for not paying the church.
o A merchant tailor who was possibly a Lollard. He refused to pay his son's mortuary
fee in March 1511 and was taken to church court in November 1514 Coroner
declared that he had been murdered.
1514 ­ Wolsey made Papal Legate
1515 ­ Francis I becomes King of France and remains King of France for most of Henry's
reign. He was more of an autocratic ruler, and could claim taxes from his people without
1517 ­ Luther is declared a heretic by the Pope.
o Luther was busy in Germany spreading his new views, which were considered
heretical by the majority of the Catholic Church. His books had begun to reach
England by 1520
o Explain why there was criticism of the Clergy around 1529?
Concerns about mortuary fees were raised (linked to the Richard Hunne
case) at the first meeting of the parliament in 1529
Literature such as that written by Tyndale, William Melton and Fish,
(Supplication of the Beggars, 1539) was available to be read due to the
growth of literacy and the printing press. This effective spread of `heretical'
literature' was linked to deepseated concerns about the behaviour of the
Humanism, which was particularly widespread, was based on purifying
religion and those who practised it.
The calling of Parliament which presented a forum in which to discuss the
failings of the Clergy.
Intermediate and long term factors, such as...
Tithes (which was the collection of around ten per cent of an
individual's produce)
The behaviour of some of the clergy in sexual immorality and greed
(In 1512 John Colet, the Dean of St Paul's, preached the opening
sermon to a meeting of the Convocation of Canterbury. In this speech
he emphasised the need for reform and blamed the current state on
the clergy.)
Specific outrage about the behaviour of Cardinal Wolsey (His vast
wealth was acquired, in part, because he kept bishoprics open when a
bishop had died, and took the rents for himself. He had two sons,
despite being a bishop, archbishop, cardinal and papal legate! )

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Abuses of the church such as simony and pluralism (which the
Lollards had been criticising for many years)
The sale of indulgences ostensibly to reduce the time an indicial spent
in purgatory, but it also increased the wealth of the Church of Rome.
1521 11 October ­ Henry is awarded the title `Fidei Defensor' by Leo X
o He wrote the `Defence of the Seven Sacraments' in rebut to Luther.
1521 ­ Duke of Buckingham is executed for his claim to the throne.…read more

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Was Anne Boleyn the most important person in bringing about the King's
YES, because...
She refused to become Henry's mistress and was determined to use
her wiles to ensure that she became Queen.
She introduced Henry to texts such as those of Tyndale, Fish and St
German, which demonstrated that the King should be the head of the
Church in his own country and not bow to the rule of Rome.…read more

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He intended to bring about the fall of Wolsey and he was much hated by
He wanted to put pressure on the pope.
He wanted to demonstrate that the `political nation' was supporting him.
He wasn't entirely sure of a plan and wanted parliament to declare his
marriage invalid.
1529 October ­ Wolsey falls from power.…read more

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Pope was under Charles' control and Henry wanted to threaten him further
as this Act put pressure on the Pope in an attempt to force him to grant an
annulment. It was predicated on a growing anticlericalism demonstrated in
the parliament called in 1529.
Cromwell orchestrated it to satisfy the House of Commons who complained
about the legislative powers of the Church.…read more

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The structure to establish secure finances was very `ad hoc' and really set up
to manage the windfall of the dissolution. The structures were very short
terms and rapidly reviewed and changed.
The authority gained by the King was personal to him.
The changes made to religious structure were far more important than the
changes to government. They key to the Royal Supremacy was the break
with Rome through Act of Parliament, not the extension of representation to
Wales.…read more

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Henry to secure a male heir.…read more

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­ A parliamentary act abolishes the rights of franchises and liberties, centralising royal
o Did the acts passed by the Reformation Parliament completely change the
church by 1536?
o YES, because...
The church in England was created with the Monarch as its supreme head.
The church was no longer responsible to the Pope in Rome, but was no
answerable to the King.
The church in England was no longer part of the Roman Catholic Church.…read more

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It was a continuation of the policies which had been begun by Wolsey and
was intended to provide money for investment into parishes to improve the
quality of the Clergy. Money would also be invested in the education of clergy
through schools and universities.
It was an attempt to remove the influence of foreign religious establishments
and ultimately the influence of the Pope.…read more

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They marched on Lincoln, an important but not large city.
Local gentry offered their support on 4th October.
Never reached London
Was easily crushed
o Why?
Charles Brandon dispersed the Rebels by making it clear that they were
committing treason.…read more


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