The Boer War, general notes

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THE BOER WAR!!
1899
August: British sends in 10,000 reinforcements
October: Boers declare war
December: 3 sieges begin at Ladysmith, Mafeking and Kimberly
10-15th December: `Black Week' ­ three British defeats at Stormberg,
Magersfontein and Tugela River
1900
24th January: British army under General Redvers Buller are defeated at Spion kop
15th February: Lord Roberts and reinforcements arrive in Northern Cape and relieved Kimberly, Lord
Roberts took over from Buller who had failed to have a success yet
26th February: Buller relieved Ladysmith
13th March: capture of Bloemfontein
April: lengthy pause because of supply problems; serious outbreak of typhoid
17th May: relief of Mafeking
31st May: Johannesburg captured
5th June: Pretoria captured
October: general election in Britain, conservatives win majority
November: Kitchener takes over as commander in chief
1903
January: Emily Hobhouse in Bloemfontein visiting the concentration camps
June: methods of Barbarianism speech
August: Fawcett commission begin their work within the camps
1902
May: peace of Vereeniging

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Glorification and propaganda
The use of the imperialist message brought together a `dominant ideology of:
Militarism ­ use of soldiers
Monarchism ­ loyalty to the crown
Social Darwinism ­ evolution within human life and nations, stronger nations would prevail
over the weaker ones in the fight for existence
Imperial success
Britain had a right to protect their imperial interests
They had a mission to increase liberty and democracy
British values were superior to those of any other country
British people were the natural leaders of…read more

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Political divisions
Popular support for the war
Initially the war seemed enormously popular, with the public assuming that victory would come easily
to the British. However, as the war continued with a series of defeats and the Boers would not
surrender, taxes were put up to pay for it.…read more

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The views of the press partly reflected the views of the owners but in the case of the Daily
Chronicle it was the readers opinion as the editor (pro Boer) was sacked
In general it appears that the press were as much reflecting public opinion as creating it
Volunteers ­
An army of 450,000 consisted mainly of volunteers showing support for the war
Impact of military victories ­
As the bad news came in the public support was strained.…read more

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Yet while there were calls for national efficiency and social reform due to impact of Boer War, there
was no noticeable reduction in support for Britain's imperial role.
Boer war and attitudes to the empire
Opponents
It had given impetus to left wing calls for wider reform.…read more

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