The Experience of Warfare: The Second Boer War

Section 2 of the Experience of Warfare AS Edexcel History

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  • Created on: 19-05-13 14:32
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2. The Second Boer War
1.1. The causes and course of the war
1.2. The impact of reporting and propaganda
1.3. Support for and opposition to the war
1.4. Concentration camps and guerrilla warfare
1.5. The Boer War, imperialism and national efficiency
1.6. Army reform and social reforms

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The causes and course of the war
Context:
A) 1899-1902
B) Between the British Empire and the Boer Republic of South Africa
C) British controlled Cape Colony
D) Boers controlled the Orange Free State and the Transvaal
Causes of the war
The main events of the war
1. 12th Oct 1899 = Boers declare war on the British after they
1st Phase (Oct refused to remove troops surrounding Boer borders
1899-Jan 1900): 2. British defeated during Black Week and at Spion Kop
British defeats 3.…read more

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The impact of reporting and propaganda
The stance of newspapers
A) Most supportive
B) Manchester Guardian was anti-war
C) Those anti-war received decline in circulation, those pro increased
D) The new editor of the Daily Chronicle changed from anti-war to pro
E) The Daily Mail (est.…read more

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Support for and opposition to the war
A) Initially anti-war minority
B) As conflict dragged to 1902 and concentration camps emerged support declined
Supporters and opponents to the war
+ -
Politicians 1. Conservative Party 1. Section of Liberal
2. The `Limps' Party including
Lloyd George
2. Leader of Liberal
Party, Henry
Campbell-Bannerm
an turned pro to
anti
Newspapers 1. The Daily Mail 1. The Manchester
2. The Daily Telegraph Guardian
3. The Times 2. The Daily Chronicle
4. The Morning Post initially anti
5.…read more

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C) MP for Liskeard, Leonard Courtney, received hostile reaction from constituents when he
made an anti-war speech
2.4. Concentration camps and guerrilla warfare
The nature of the conflict and British tactic 1900-1902
A) British declared victory in 1900, but Boers continued Guerrilla campaign
B) Kitchener's responded with scorched earth policy to weaken and demoralise Boer fighters
a.…read more

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C) Death rates fell to 6.9% and eventually 2%
2.5. The Boer War, imperialism and national efficiency
A) British united in the view that the Empire was necessary for status, strength and the world
B) The Boer War was to enhance Britain's imperial status and control
The Boer War and support for the British Empire
A) Patriotic songs and poems were produced
a. Land of Hope and Glory (AC Benson, 1902)
b. Transvaal (AC Swinburne, 1899)
B) Periodicals promoted pride in Empire
a.…read more

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Army reforms and social reforms
A) Defeats to Boers prompted Lord Salisbury (Conservative MP in 1902) to ask Lord Escher to
organise the army
B) Richard Burton Haldane (Secretary State for War under Liberal Gov't) made further crucial
reforms
C) Question of national efficiency prompted Liberals on social reform which increased role of
state in health and welfare of citizens…read more

Comments

NZLHistory

An excellent set of revision notes on the Second Boer War which is directly linked to Edexcel Unit 2, Experience of Warfare.

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