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Page 1

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2. The Second Boer War
1.1. The causes and course of the war
1.2. The impact of reporting and propaganda
1.3. Support for and opposition to the war
1.4. Concentration camps and guerrilla warfare
1.5. The Boer War, imperialism and national efficiency
1.6. Army reform and social reforms

Page 2

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2.1. The causes and course of the war
Context:
A) 1899-1902

B) Between the British Empire and the Boer Republic of South Africa

C) British controlled Cape Colony

D) Boers controlled the Orange Free State and the Transvaal

Causes of the war




The main events of the war
1. 12th…

Page 3

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2.2. The impact of reporting and propaganda
The stance of newspapers
A) Most supportive

B) Manchester Guardian was anti-war

C) Those anti-war received decline in circulation, those pro increased

D) The new editor of the Daily Chronicle changed from anti-war to pro

E) The Daily Mail (est. 1896) was in…

Page 4

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2.3. Support for and opposition to the war
A) Initially anti-war minority

B) As conflict dragged to 1902 and concentration camps emerged support declined

Supporters and opponents to the war

+ -
Politicians 1. Conservative Party 1. Section of Liberal
2. The `Limps' Party including
Lloyd George
2. Leader of…

Page 5

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C) MP for Liskeard, Leonard Courtney, received hostile reaction from constituents when he
made an anti-war speech

2.4. Concentration camps and guerrilla warfare
The nature of the conflict and British tactic 1900-1902
A) British declared victory in 1900, but Boers continued Guerrilla campaign

B) Kitchener's responded with scorched earth policy…

Page 6

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C) Death rates fell to 6.9% and eventually 2%



2.5. The Boer War, imperialism and national efficiency
A) British united in the view that the Empire was necessary for status, strength and the world

B) The Boer War was to enhance Britain's imperial status and control

The Boer War and…

Page 7

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2.6. Army reforms and social reforms
A) Defeats to Boers prompted Lord Salisbury (Conservative MP in 1902) to ask Lord Escher to
organise the army

B) Richard Burton Haldane (Secretary State for War under Liberal Gov't) made further crucial
reforms

C) Question of national efficiency prompted Liberals on social reform…

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NZLHistory

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An excellent set of revision notes on the Second Boer War which is directly linked to Edexcel Unit 2, Experience of Warfare.

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