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The Outbreak of the Boer War
There was a lot of unrest in 19th Century South Africa; Imperialism alongside the Scramble
for Africa resulted with unrest and resentment among most inhabitants.

The Colonisation of South Africa
th
17 Century Dutch invaded Cape, migrated and clashed with Bantu Tribes.
Napoleonic Wars…

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The Outline of the Boer War
Brief summary of the Second Boer War

Boer Offensives
1. Smallest & least important- Mafeking
Colonel Baden-Powell's small Br force held out against Boer commandos until May 1900
2. More important centre- Kimberley
British troops & Cecil Rhodes were cut off by Boer force…

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Cronje surrounded and 4000 Boers forced to surrender at Paardeberg.
27th February 1900.
28th February Buller relieved Ladysmith after a well-planned methodological
attack.
British were learning rapidly.
Buller's successes are often overshadowed by his failures yet he proved his competence
later at the out-maneuvering the Boers in Natal where there…

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The Course of the Boer War 1899-1902
The Anglo Boer War was fought by Britain and her Empire against the Boers. The Boers
were comprised of the combined forces of the South African Republic and the Republic of
the Orange Free State. The Boer Republics declared war on 11th October…

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The Impacts of the War

Reporting the Boer War
The Boer War sparked a press revolution. The mid-nineteenth century witnessed an increase
of sales of Penny Daily such as the Daily Telegraph launched in 1855.

Role of the Press
There was a swarm of serious political newspapers with a relatively…

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War Correspondents
Most were generally uncritical of the War effort and often put out false information
to try and help Britain- by e.g. portraying Boers as cruel and heartless.
Winston Churchill- Reporting for the MORNING POST increased his fame, he
exploited his own capture and escape from the Boers in…

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FAWCETT COMISSION
Millicent Fawcett, Leading Suffragette was asked by the government to go to South
Africa and report the camp conditions following Hobhouse's reports.
Fawcett and her Comission approved Hobhouse's observations.
Recommended rations, hygiene and medical care to be improved in the camps,
administration should be done by civilians not…

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Support and Opposition for the War
The majority of the British public, press, and politicians were pro-war. Yet a small group of
radicals took a very public and unpopular stance against the war. As reports of
concentration camps and British barbarity emerged, support declined.

Supporters pro-war Opponents pro-Boer
Politicians Conservative…

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British Imperialism and National Efficiency
Many Britons at the time of the Boer war were united in the view that to remain one of the
World's great powers, Britain had to maintain her Empire.

Support for the Empire as a result of the War
Patriotic and pro-Empire songs and poems…

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Army Reform and Social Reform
The Boer war resulted with two major reforms being implemented in Britain. The defeats
Britain had suffered prompted Lord Salisbury (Tory PM 1902) to ask Lord Esher to
recommend improvements to the army. Later Richard Burton Haldane (Secretary of State
for War under Liberals) was…

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