OCR History B As: Liberal Sunset – The Rise and Fall of ‘New Liberalism’ 1890–1922 F981: Boer War

An Overview of the impact on the 1906 general Election on the Boer War

See my other resources for more notes on the 1906 general election


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Preview of OCR History B As: Liberal Sunset – The Rise and Fall of ‘New Liberalism’ 1890–1922 F981: Boer War

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The 1906 General Election ­ Boer War 18991902
New Imperialism: the idea that the British empire should be seen as an economic asset that
needs to be properly managed and developed both politically and economically
Constly inconvenienceneeded for prestiege and image as Great power
Outlet for surplus population and investment
Moral obligation spread Christian icnvilisation
Britain wanted to try expand it's empire ­ Southern Africa was included in this as it
was the most valuable land in the African continent
Thought Britain's world power depended on controlling areas and winning disputes
with small countries such as the Boers
Britain wanted to like it's territory from North to South
Jameson Raid 1896
Plot by Jameson and Frankson Rhodes to bring Transvaal back under British
Hatched a plot to bring down Transvaal government and armed police force
Chamberlin was accused of complicity in plot
Provoked confrontation with German Kaiser Wilhelm II sent a telegram to the
Transvaal government congratulating them on the coup
Declaration of War
189699 discussions continued between British Government and Transvaal
government over right of British workers
1899 relations had deteriorated to point where both sides had expected a conflict at
any moment
Initial setbacks
Boers struck first
Britain seen as true aggressor against small nation ­ world opinion
Vocal liberal minority that opposed wars ­ became known as `ProBoers' ­ John
Morley (Liberal politician) said to Chamberlin `it will bring you no glory'
Military disaster in the first few months series of defeats from military inadequacies
and Boer determination
By end of 1900 clear the Boers would be defeated
Poor state of Boers was seemed to Be Boer's own problems poor mothers etc
British Victory ­ 1902
Facing defeat the Boer had resulted in guerrilla tactics
To combat the British rounded up civilian Boers and concentrated them into large
camps ­ remove fighters home bases and presumed would reduce the amount of
civilian casualties
Scorched Earth Policy ­ tactic in buildings, crops, livestock, and factories etc were
destroyed to deprive the opposition of resources
Concentration camp failings authorities misunderstood requirements of camps for
food, sanitation and medical provisions ­ Diseases like typhus and cholera spread

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­ many Boers believed the biriths had embarked
deliberately on genocide
British press ran campaigns exposing the camps and the fate of Boer civilians within
them ­ 28,000 Boers died in the camp
War ended 1902 Had been costly, embarrassing and divisive
Had taken 450,000 British troops to defeat 35,000 Boer men
Impacts of the War
Political division at home (Liberals)
Original Patriotic enthusiasm with many men rushing to join up
Moral Scandal
New Imperialism in a poor light
Revealed the state of the health…read more


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