Statistics: Edexcel AS History - Russia in Revolution, 1881-1924 | Stalin’s Russia, 1924-53

Statistics relating to Edexcel AS History Option D: A World Divided: Communism and Democracy in the 20th Century, and specifically option D3 Russia in Revolution, 1881-1924 and option D4 Stalin’s Russia, 1924-53.

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History, Unit 1: Statistics
Why Did the Tsarist Regime Collapse in 1917?
What were the challenges facing the Tsarist regime at the end of the 19th
century?
Russian geography (1881)
o 6400km (west to east) by 3000km (north to south)
o 1/6 global land mass
Demographics (1881):
o 77% peasants…

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1905
Hundreds of liberal dismissed from the zemstva 1900
1899-1901 saw student disturbances result in the closure of many universities
and higher education institutions
International recession brought depression in Russia from 1900
o In Donbass region, by 1903, only 23 out of 35 blast furnaces were
working
Poor harvest in…

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o Out of 478 seats, Kadets held 185 and Trudoviks 94 112 non-partisan
Second Duma:
o February-June 1907
o Kadets number halved (under 100) Trudoviks ­ 104 Mensheviks ­ 47
and SRs ­ 37 (over 200 deputies on the Left)
Third Duma:
o November 1907-June 1912
o Only 1/6 working…

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Petrograd Soviet formed on 27th February: by 3rd March it had 1300 members
a week later 3000 (800 workers the remainder from army units)
New coalition government formed at the start of May significant members
included Chernov and Tsereteli.
Hundred killed in June offensive (starting 16th June) and territory lost.…

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o Denikin and Wrangel (south) ­ 150'000 men (large contingent of
Cossacks)
o Admiral Kolchack (east) ­ some 140'000 men
Britain, encouraged by War Secretary Winston Churchill, sent £100-million
worth of supplies to the Whites.
By the end of 1919, the Red Army had around 3 million troops
o This…

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The nomenklatura referred to a set of 5'500 designated party and
governmental posts, to which one could be only be appointed by the central
party bodies.
USSR formally established at the end of 1922
Politburo generally consisted of 7-9 members the Central Committee 30-40.



From Lenin to Stalin
How significant…

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o In January 1930, Stalin announced that around 25% of grain-producing
areas were to be collectivised by the end of the year.
Under pressure from the Right, Stalin agreed to stop grain seizures in 1928
and try to raise the price of grain, but food shortages persisted.
The Twenty-Five Thousanders…

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First FYP envisaged coal production increasing from 35 to 75 million tons,
and iron ore from 6 to 19 million tons.
Ten million women entered the workforce under the plans
o Women in the city made up 44% of the workforce.
Of 328 factory directors, only 20 were women and…

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o 35000 officers were either imprisoned or shot, although 11000 were
reinstated by the middle of 1940.
o In Georgia, two prime ministers, four out of five regional party
secretaries and thousands of lesser officials lost their jobs.
o Yagoda arrested in 1937 more than 23'000 NKVD men perished.
o…

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By 1923, numbers of schools and pupils were barely half the totals of 1921.
o Survey in 1927 showed children aged 11-15 had become increasingly
negative towards Communists values as they got older, and almost 50%
believed in God.
Between 1920 and 1926 some 5 million people in European Russia…

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