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Stalin's Russia 1924 1953
Struggle for Power
After Lenin's death in 1924, the place of Communist leader of Russia was a highly contested
position with Stalin ultimately winning in 1929.

Why Stalin?
Stalin won due to a series of factors these include:
Weakness of his rivals
Political manoeuvres

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The Course of Collectivisation
I. Emergency measures 192829 a harsh winter lead to the reintroduction of rationing
in cities. Article 61 and 107 were passed. Article 61 said that kulaks could be sent to
gulags. Article 107 grain hoarding was a punishable offence.
II. Dekulakisation Kulaks were rich peasants…

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Industrialisation (Five Year Plans)
Reasons for the Plans
The economy in the USSR was weak, collectivisation had decreased the amount of skilled
workers and Stalin desperately wanted an economy that matched that of western
"We are 100 years behind and have 10 years to catch up or be crushed!"…

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· Inefficiency ­ duplication and waste
· Poor planning by people who didn't understand the economy
· "Flitting" occurred where workers went from job to job to find better conditions
· Shortage of nails and bricks after collectivisation disrupted the peasant's lives
· Still largely relied on man power


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Stalin believed that Lenin's rejection of academia had gone too far he believed that in order
for effective revolution, Russia must be wholly literate. Formal education become priority
meaning future Communists would be skilled, disciplined and literate.

Evidence that education was aimed at loyalty Evidence that education was influenced by…

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The Great Terror
I. Chitska (cleansing) ­ nonviolent expulsion of 20% of the party
II. Moscow Show Trials
III. Yezhovschina period of mass terror

Under Stalin, terror was increasingly becoming more violent and widespread.

Causes of the Terror
1. Congress of Victors Kirov beat Stalin in the Congress of Victors.…

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The Later Purges

Between 1949 and 1953 there were a series of `later purges' these were done for a series of
1) Provided scapegoats for WWII
2) Prisoners of War were ideal slave labourers and so they would boost the economy
3) PARANOIA! ­ People had many connection and…

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The Art of Power
Cult of Personality: Arises when an individual uses mass media, propaganda and other
media to create an idealised and heroic public image, often through praise and flattery
Socialist Realism: Art that sells Government, economic and social policy to the Russian

Art before Stalin
Revolutionary use…

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was seen as the figure head of the regime and the only constant in the lives of the Russia

The Making of a Superpower
Stalin's response to the threat of War:
Stalin knew that war was imminent and so felt that he must do the following:
Reform the military…

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The Cost of the War


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