Religion and Society Revision Guide - Crime and Punishment

Full revision guide for the Crime and Punishment topic of the EDEXCEL religious studies syllabus.

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Crime and Punishment
Get an A* Revision sheet
BY AIMEE ELIZABETH FRANCES SWANNCONNOR AND MARTHA JANE BROWN
Religion and the Need for Law and Justice
You will need to understand the effects of, and give reasons for your
opinion about:
The need for law and justice.
Theories of punishment and the arguments for and against them.
Why justice is important for Christians
Why justice is important for the followers of Hinduism
Religion and Capital Punishment
You will need to understand the effects of, and give reasons for your own
opinion about:
The nature of capital punishment and nonreligious arguments for and
against capital punishments.
Different attitudes to capital punishment among Christians and reasons for
the attitudes
Different attitudes to capital punishment among Hindus
Religion: Drugs and Alcohol
You will need to understand the effects of, and give reasons for your own
opinion about:
Laws on drugs and alcohols and reasons for said laws
Social and health problems caused by drugs and alcohol.
Different attitudes to drugs and alcohol in Christianity and the reasons for
them
Different attitudes to drugs and alcohol in Hinduism

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Summ
ary ­
Crime
and
Punish
ment
The need Summary
for law and Society needs laws for it to work properly and to
justice. protect the weak from the strong. The laws need to
be just so that people will obey then and that they will
make society feel better.…read more

Page 3

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Capital Punishment ­ the death penalty for a crime or
an indication that we have not offence
yet taken seriously what Deterrence ­ the idea that punishments should be of such
"prison as a last resort" a nature that they will put people off (deter) committing
means', he said.…read more

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The nature Notorious Moors killer Ian Summary
of capital Brady has begun a legal bid to Capital punishment is punishment which takes the life of
punishmen end his own life. the criminal. Some people think it is a good idea because it
t and Brady was imprsoned aong takes a life for a life and deters people from murdering
nonreligio with Myra Hindley in 1966 for others.…read more

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Why ...And there is no God apart Summary
justice is from me, a righteous God and Christians believe Justice is important because the Bible
important a saviour... says God is a God of justice who will reward the good and
for Isiah 45:21 the bad at the end of the world. The bible and the
Christians Churches encourage Christians to work for justice by
Blessed are those the hunger campaigning for fair treatment for the poor, etc.
or thirst and righteousness...…read more

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Extra Info
your subjects like members of Two reasons Hindus believe in justice are
your family, take good care of Most Hindus believe that to gain moksha they must try
them and make an honest to promote justice in terms of: treating all people as
attepmt to considate equals making sure that there is freedom of religion
morality and religion in your making sure that everyone political rights.
state.…read more

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In February 1999 convicted rapist Leo Echegaray was put
person is capable of reform, to death in the Philippines. This was the country's first
and it is society's role to execution in more than two decades. Was this the right
offer that chance through the thing to do in a Christian country?
systems of imprisonment
that the state organises." Many Christians believe that Capital punishment in
Statement by the URC in unChristian and can never be justified.…read more

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They believe execution is killing and will therefore give
bad karma and delay moksha.
They believe Gandhi's teachings on nonviolence means
ahimsa to everyone, even murderers.
The Laws Britsh American Tobacco is Summary
on Drugs the world's biggest tobacco The law bans smoking in workplaces and says tobacco
and Alcohol multinational, selling 850bn. products cannot be sold to undereighteens. Alcohol
BAT's main product, cannot be sold to under 18's, and cannot be drunk by
cigarettes, is so deadly that under 5's.…read more

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On a B question, e.g. `Do you think the law on drugs and
evidencebased unified alcohol is fair?' you should have already thought about this
system (specifically including issue. For example, if you think they are not fair you just
tobacco and alcohol ) aimed have to refer to two laws and say what you think is wrong
at minimisation of harms to with each one.
society,' he says.…read more

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Even drinkers can It also
make town centres no go causes
areas on an average weekend criminal
as they run amok in our cities. gang
Up to 75% of murder victims problems
were killed after drinking and and
40% of ra pe victims had also stealing to
been drinking, thereby fund the
lowering their inhibitions and habit.
reducing their reactions.
The Guardian 15/04/09 Key Words
Addiction ­
A recurring
compulsion
to engage
in an
activity
regardless
of the
negative
impact on
health or
life.…read more

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