Religion and society complete revision notes

rights and resposibilities

environmental and medical issues

peace and conflict

crime and punishment

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Rights and Responsibilities
Moral decisions
For Bible :
It is the word of God. God's guidance to humans and absolute authority for
decision making
It contains God's teachings on how to behave in a right way e.g The
It contains the teachings of Jesus and as he is the son of God Christians
should follow his teachings.
It records the events in the life of Jesus ­ Christians would ask themselves
on how God would behave in this situation and follow his example.
Against Bible :
Some Christians believe that the bible was written by humans inspired by
God , many of its attitudes reflect the social situation of the writers at the
Some would use the Church to tell them what the Bible means for today
Some would use their conscience or reason to decide whether to follow the
Church :
Church is the body of Christ. It is how Jesus Christ , Son of god works in the
God speaks to the world today through Church
Christians expect the church to give them guidance on the Christians life and
making moral decisions is a part of it.
The church is a community of Christian believers ­must be guided by god so
be able to make decisions on moral issues
Conscience :
Church says that Christians should follow their conscience as if it was the
voice of god.
St Paul and St Thomas Aquinas taught that Christians should use their
conscience as the final point of decision making
Conscience is believed to be god speaking directly to the individuals
Conscience is a voice in someone's mind telling them what should or should
not be done .It seems to be the same as god's voice
Against Conscience :
People have been mistaken about the voice of god e.g Yorkshire Ripper who
claimed god told him to kill prostitutes.
If everyone followed their conscience than life would become chaotic and
Some follow the teachings of the church instead so they know other
Christians will think what they do is right
Some follow the teachings of the Bible as it's the Christian thing to do
Situation Ethics ( Christians should base their decisions on what is the most loving
thing to do )

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Christianity is a religion of love and forgiveness
Jesus's statement of the only laws are to love your neighbor and this is why
Christians should always do the most loving thing
Its wrong to ignore the consequences of your actions, you should only do
what produces good results
Jesus followed situation ethics because he over ruled what the old
testament said what he thought was unloving
Against :
Christians should follow what other Christians agree is the right way to
behave e.g.…read more

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Some Christians are against the right to marry a person from a different faith
. Christians should only marry Christians
They are against the right to form civil partnerships because they believe
homosexuality is against Gods will.
Electoral Processes:
National government can pass new laws that affect your life. Taking part in
electoral and democratic processes will give you a chance to affects that.
European parliament has control over the EU spending which affects how
much tax the UK government needs to collect.…read more

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They also accept most of the non-religious arguments in favor of genetic
Religious arguments against:
They believe that genetic engineering is playing god and that is a great sin
They believe that god created genetic make up of each human at the moment
of conception and people have no right to interfere with gods will.…read more

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Rats bring many diseases to
humans. Litter also chokes animals and causes thousands of road accidents.
Eutrophication ­ An excess of nitrates, nitrites and phosphates in rivers is
leading to a lack of oxygen and an increase in aquatic plants which is causing
fish to die and poisons to enter water supplies. It is caused by fertilisers
being washed into streams. This could lead to major health problems such as
septicaemia.…read more

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In the Genesis accounts of creation, God gave humans the right to rule over
the Earth. It gives humans control of animals, all other living creatures and
· The Old Testament teaches that humans have a responsibility to treat
animals humanely and to treat the land kindly.
· Jesus taught that Christians have a responsibility to ensure a fair sharing of
the Earth's resources.
· Christians should try to reduce pollution and preserve resources for future
generations.…read more

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Life is given by God and no one has a right to children. It only allows methods which
do not threaten the sacredness of life and in which sex acts are natural. This means
all fertility treatments involving medical technology are banned because:
· IVF involves fertilising several eggs, some of which are thrown away or used
for experimentation. The Catholic Church believes that treating embryos in
this way is no different from abortion, which is banned by the Church.…read more

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Christians who believe in resurrection believe St Paul's words that the body
will be transformed and that the resurrection body will not need the
physical organs.
· Jesus told Christians that they should love their neighbours and leaving
your organs to save lives after your death is a way of loving your neighbour.
· Jesus also said that Christians should treat others, as they would wish to be
treated by them ­ and most Christians would want a transplant if they
needed it.…read more

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Peace and conflict
After WWII, countries of the world came together on the 24th October 1945 to form
an organization, which we know as the UN. The main aim of the UN is to promote
world peace and works to give all nations a voice.…read more

Page 10

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Making public statements and organizing protests about war such as
condemning the Iraq war and Darfur conflict.
· Organizing and attending interfaith conferences to help all religions work
together and promote world peace.
· Working for economic justice and global recognition of human rights to
remove the causes of war.…read more


Louuis Richardson

thank you for this, i found it really useful

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