PSYA2 (AQA Psychology A) New spec - STRESS NOTES

Topic: Biological psychology - stress. PSYA2 - AQA A - new specification.

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Psychology notes
STRESS: a physical and psychological strain which threatens the ability of a person (or
animal) to go on coping in a given situation.
The
tr
ansacti
onal
model
ar
gues
that
t
he i
ndi
vidual
's
percept
ion
of
a s
ituat
ion
can
be
dif
fer
ent
.
An
i
denti
cal
si
tuat
ion
may
cause
str
ess
in
one per
son but
not
i
n anot
her
.
How does
body
respond
to
str
ess?
Autonomic two br
anches .
1=Parasymp at
h et
ic
(r
elaxes you)
.
2= Symp athet i
c (
causes st
ress,
swi
tch
to
p .
symp at
heti
c whe n
str
essed).
St
ressor hypothal
amu s act
ivat
ed Bo dy
responds i
n t
w o
w ays
to st
ress:
1) S .A.
M (
Symp athet
ic
Ad r
enal
Me dul
lar
y syst
em)
Acti
vates symp at
he t
ic
branch of
ANS
st
imulat
es t
he adrenal
medu l
la pr
odu ces
adrenali
ne and nor
ad r
en al
ine
(f
ocuses
you)
FIGHT
O R FLI
G HT (
he ar t
rat
e up,
b.p
up, pupi
ls
dil
ate
)
2) H .P.A
(Hypothal
a mic
Pit
uit
ary Ad renal
axis)
acti
vates
pit
uit
ary gl
an d
w hi
ch
produces
ACT H sti
mu l
ates adr
enal
corte x pr
od uces
cort
isol
s = ei
ther
sup pr
e ss
the
immu ne
syst
em O R convert
pr
otei
n and f at
i
nto
glucose.
Acti
vates symp at
he t
ic
branch of
ANS
Di
ff
erent
ki
nds
or
str
essor
s act
on

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St
ress
rel
ated
il
l
n ess
and
the
immune
syst
em.
Wh en
str
e ssed,
our
body's energy
is
dive r
ted aw ay
f r
om the i
mmu n e
system ma ki
ng
il
l
n ess
and
infect
ion
mo re
li
kely
a nd
recovery t
ime l
ong er.…read more

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C ohe n et
a l
(1993
)
3 94
p 's
co mp l
e t
e d questi
on naires
o n
1.
nu mber of
st
ressful
l
if
e e vens
in
p ast
yr,
2 .assesse d
d egree of str
es s,
3. r
ated on level
o f
emotional
i
nstabi
li
ty =
3 sco r
es comb i
n ed
= stress
inde x
.…read more

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Workpl
ace
Envi
ronme nt
of
w ork
c an
cause str
ess eg
no i
se,
li
ghtl
ing.
Because energy
used t
o over
come
t
hem. Wo r
k
overl
oa d = most
str
e ssf
ul
a spect
of
job (
dew e).
Personal
space
and f
urni
ture
ar
rangeme nt
are also po t
enti
al
str
e ssors.
R ol
e amb i
guit
y ­
rol
e at
w or
k poor
ly
def
ined=pressure
.…read more

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C ont
rol
to t
a ke
c ont r
ol
of the
stressful
si
tuati
on, s eeing
thems el
ves a s
being i
n charg e of their
ow n
li
ves.
C ommi t
me n t
e n cou r
aging
the
cl i
ent
to
rema i
n c o mmitt
ed
to
d e al
ing w i
th
the encoun ter.…read more

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