Full Notes: AQA Unit 2 Psychology(PSYA2)

I don 't know whether there are any spelling/general errors.. but i felt like sharing my notes ^_^

EDIT: Q_Q There are a number of mistakes where I repeated some words...ignore those or tell me, and I'll alter my notes ~XD

EDIT2: Corrected the mistakes I could find.. ~

EDIT3: I found more mistakes.. T__T corrected them.. ~

EDIT4: Seriously. The flaws in these notes! ~ New version is up.. Wonder what new editing stuff I need to do next?!

Check back often if you've downloaded.. I've probably corrected more mistakes ;)

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L. H
PSYA2
May 2012
AS Psychology- Revision Notes

Unit 2- PSYA2 ­ Biological Psychology, Social Psychology and Individual Differences

Biological Psychology: Stress
Autonomic Nervous System(ANS)
Brain Perceives ~ Maintain normal functioning of bodily systems.
Stressor
Sympathetic Parasympathetic
~Bodily arousal ~ Bodily relaxation
HP/BPINCREASE ~HP/BPNORMAL



Hypothalamus

SAM
CRF released...
(Sympathetic…

Page 2

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L. H
COHEN ET AL- C for Cold
PSYA2
May 2012
Aim Role of general life stress on vulnerability to cold virus

Procedure 394 participants- questionnaires on number of stressful life events in the previous year. Rate degrees of
stress and level of negative emotions. Combined to STRESS INDEX
Findings…

Page 3

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L. H
PSYA2
May 2012
Daily Hassles

DELONGIS ET AL

Aim How stresses and strains of daily life affect us.

Procedure 100 (45-64years) from San Francisco. Well-adjusted and high income.
four questionnaires once a month for a year
Findings Frequency and intensity of hassles were significantly correlated with overall health…

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L. H
JOHANASSEN PSYA2
May 2012
Aim Investigate whether work stressors such as repetitiveness, machine regulated ace of work .. increase stress-related
psychological arousal and stress-related illness.
Procedure 14 finishers at Swedish sawmill. Compared with low risk cleaners (control group) = more varied ,
Largely self-paced levels of stress related…

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L. H
PSYA2
May 2012


Hardy Personality:

CONTROL: COMMITMENT: CHALLENGE:
Hardy people see themselves as being in Involved with world around them. Life changes are seen as challenges to be
control of their lives , rather than controlled Have a strong sense of purpose overcome rather than threats or stressors.…

Page 6

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L. H
PSYA2
May 2012
HARDINESS TRAINING : Kobasa

Focusing client taught to recognise physiological signs of stress

Reliving stressful encounters client relives stressful encounters and is helped by therapist to
analyse their response to them. Also gives insight on current stress
relieving techniques.
Self-improvement insights help to develop new…

Page 7

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L. H
PSYA2
May 2012
Social Psychology Conformity & Obedience:
Social influence The process by which an individual's attitudes, beliefs or behaviour is modified by
the presence or actions of others
Conformity A change in behaviour or belief as a result of real or imagined pressure.

COMPLIANCE INTERNALISATION
Publicly conforming…

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L. H
PSYA2
May 2012
DEUTSCH & GERARD'S DUAL PROCESS
Normative Social Influence - Informational Social Influence -
Desire to be liked Desire to be correct
Conform so that others accept us. Look to others in how to behave (situations=ambiguous.)
Result=compliance Result=Internalisation


SOCIAL IMPACT THEORY

Pressure to fit in is…

Page 9

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L. H
PSYA2
May 2012
MILGRAM- OBEDIENCE TO AUTHORITY

Aim To investigate whether people will obey to a person of authority if it means inflicting pain on another innocent
stranger.


Procedure 40(20-50yrs) M participants paid $4.50 for turning up. Told that there would be two groups: learner and teacher.
SINGLE…

Page 10

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L. H
PSYA2
May 2012


GAMSON, FIREMAN & RYTINA

Aim to find out under what circumstances people will refuse to go along with an unjust authority,


Procedure Participants from Michigan, US, made a video were asked to sign statements that could be used in court.

Findings 32/33 groups rebelled in…

Comments

Shams

thank you

Dagmara

i can't open it any other way that i can access it? errors show when i open it weirdly.. 

zahra abbas

thank you sooooo much. saved my life!!!!

CrystalHarvie

Really helpful

The way it's all been presented makes it so much easier to revise from!!

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