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Revision Check List
PHIL 4 _ Nietzsche and Beyond Good & Evil

This document is a STARTING point for your revision, it is m=not meant
to be used alone, but should complement your own revision, further
reading, class notes and handouts, and your own exam practice.

Hayley Rennie


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PHIL 4 Nietzsche
What the specification says:
Candidates should demonstrate an understanding of the following:
· Critique of past philosophers; motivational analysis, e.g. philosophy as expression of self-interest or prejudice
· The bewitchment of language; truth and interpretation
· The `correct' philosophical questions
· The new philosopher and his socio-intellectual…

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Predicate: part of a sentence that adds something to the subject of the sentence. The example that follows in the main body
of the text should clarify.
Monistic: monism is the doctrine that all existence partakes of, or derives from, one form (in this case, the will to power).

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Motivational analysis

N argues that theoretical beliefs can be explained by a person's values, e.g., the belief in a transcendental
world can be explained in relation to belief about the value of truth.
Values are best explained as 'psychological demands for the preservation of a particular kind of life'.

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Is 'the truth' transcendent of perspectives? N argues that we must abandon the image of the truth as
something to contrast with appearances. There are only 'appearances'. However, appearances are not
perspectives, but what perspectives are perspectives on.
An unconditional will to truth, part of the ascetic ideal, misrepresents the…

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Willing eternal return is also in tension with N's revulsion at ordinary human life.

The Will to Power

History is the history of various expressions of the will to power.
The metaphysical interpretation of the will to power is that everything, including physical forces,
expresses the will to power. However,…

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N's History of morality

N divides the history of morality into 'pre-moral', 'moral' and 'extra-moral' stages. The first identifies
the value of an action with its consequences, the second with its origin, then specifically its intention. The
third returns to the origin of action outside intention, and finally to the…

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Herd morality is a development of slave morality, reinterpreting negative traits as positive and opposing
suffering, inequality, instinctual satisfaction and self-love.
By attempting to eliminate suffering, it undermines greatness, which needs suffering to develop. And the
fear of others undermines its own value of altruism.
As it has developed, herd…

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hope, is jettisoned out of 'self-directed cruelty', and we are left
in a state of nihilism.
rung 2 The sacrifice by individuals of their strongest instincts. This is
exemplified by the moral epoch and the life of Christian
ascetics. Abstaining from something one enjoys for lent would
be another example.…


Alice Bailey


this is PHIL4, not PHIL3! still very helpful for nietzsche though :)

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