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Reason and Experience

This document is not enough when used alone, this is meant
to complement your own revision notes, your class folder,
your attendance to all revision lessons, and your exam

Hayley Rennie


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PHIL 1 Question 1: Reason and Experience
Important terms:

Inductive argument: arguments that move from premises about particular observations to
a conclusion which is a general principle e.g. the sun will always rise in the morning
Deductive argument: an argument in which the truth of…

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o Words are more than just `labels' for pictures, they need to be comprehended and
applied, this requires an innate ability

Innate Knowledge

Rationalism: the primacy or reason: in context of 17th century discoveries, many held
beliefs had to be rejected (the sun is not small; the earth is not…

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`logical space of reasons' knowledge and justification becomes a `social phenomenon' not a
philosophical transaction between a `knowing subject' and `reality'
Hopper's searchlight': our mind is like a searchlight actively seeking to find and organise
our experiences into structures and KNOWLEDGE

PHIL 1 Question 4; The Idea of God


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o He also points out the different meanings of existence, prime numbers and infinity
do not exist in the same way as chairs, surely God's existence could be similar to
that of concepts and numbers

The Origins of God

o Innateness:
o Descartes' trademark argument: God has implanted the idea…

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o Immutability and perfection: he does not change, he can not change an=s this suggests he
could be improved; he can't as he is perfect.
o Omni benevolence: supreme goodness
o Eternal: outside time, more than no beginning or end. But for Swinburne and Hartshorne
(process Theology) God must be…


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