OCR - Ethics - Poverty and Wealth

Notes for OCR Poverty and Wealth Christian Ethics

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  • Created on: 13-02-12 20:33
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Religion, Poverty and Wealth ­ Answers
1. Absolute Poverty: Where people lack the basic necessities of life such as food, clothing and shelter
2. Relative Poverty: The inability to participate fully in the society in which you live due to financial constraints
3. Key differences between rich and poor countries:
a) Education: Rich world ­ Free until 18 ­ Good resources ­ Good teachers
Poor world ­ Free until 11 usually ­ Large class sizes ­ Poor resources
b) Food: Rich world ­ wide variety ­ easily accessible ­ too much ­ eating out often
Poor world ­ basic crops ­ whatever is available locally ­ too little ­ unvaried diet
c) Shelter: Rich world ­ solid and permanent ­ electricity ­ central heating ­ spacious
Poor world ­ feeble and liable to damage ­ no electricity ­ fire ­ cramped ­ unhealthy
d) Work: Rich world ­ offices ­ technology ­ well paid
Poor world ­ manual labour ­ poorly paid
e) Health: Rich world ­ NHS ­ free ­ treat disease ­ advances
Poor world ­ Have to pay for it ­ basic
4. The poverty cycle is the reason that many people in third world countries remain poor. It is a cycle whereby:
There is lack of food
No energy
Unable to work
No money
Lack of food etc.
5. Poverty is caused by:
Selfishness ­ corrupt government ­ unfair trading laws
Natural disasters
Generational ­ family
6. Emergency aid: Also known as disaster relief. Giving immediate help to communities that have experienced a
disaster without which they would suffer further or even die.
E.g. distribute food packages, household kits, medical units,
7. Disaster: An event, often sudden, that results in great damage, destruction and human suffering.
8. Long Term Aid: Working with local people to help them find solutions to their problems that will help them to
work their way out of poverty. Providing solutions to kick-start these solutions.
E.g. Train people in construction skills, help community to be less vulnerable to future disasters, long term
healthcare project, provide seeds and tools to help farmers
9. "Give a man a fish feed him for a day (short term) Teach a man to fish feed him for life (long term)"
10. Sustainable Development: A solution that has a long lasting effect ­ disaster preparedness
11. Christian aid:
Is a Christian organisation that works to provide urgent, practical and effective assistance, tackling the effects
of poverty as well as its root causes.
Was founded in 1945 with the aim to end poverty.
Give emergency aid to help relieve the effects of a disaster by providing people with essential items to
prevent further suffering or loss occurring.
Go beyond simply relieving the effects of a disaster as they provide long term aid which helps local people
find solutions to their problems so they can find a way out of poverty ­ helping people to help themselves.
Raise awareness as well as money so people understand about debt, trade etc.
Involve anyone who wants to help ­ collecting money, travelling abroad, working as volunteers.
Say prayers, hold services, encourage people to think about others

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Teach people new skills so they can have a self sufficient future
Are not only abroad, but help homeless and unemployed in the UK as well
12. Charity is not only raising money to help others. It also means kindness, generosity and consideration. In
Christianity it refers specifically to `agape' ­ sacrificial, selfless Christian love, that God has for everyone and that
he showed to us when he sent his son to die for our sins.
13.…read more

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In the UK, people can appeal to the government for help. We might be the last hope for people in developing
Unfair laws and unsafe lending by Western countries caused many of the problems in the developing world
17. There are certain industries and companies that Christians would consider immoral, e.g. many Christian think it's
wrong to gamble so they might avoid working for the National Lottery.…read more


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