OCR Religion

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  • Created by: xlibertex
  • Created on: 15-03-20 23:55

NOTE sorry for any weird formatting, I originally made this as a word document, here's a link to a google doc version if it's more helpful:
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1CigTYt7rn9dGyOBbtePqlfCTiLimLDK3FJtn7IKjZxY

Good luck!!

YEAR 1 + 2 RELIGION

DEATH AND THE AFTERLIFE

KINGDOM OF GOD

  • AS PRESENT MORAL AND SPIRITUAL STATE

    • Jesus’ teaching presents kingdom as if it has already started

      • Inaugurated eschatology

      • Eschatology: ‘discussion of the last things’

    • Healing miracles such as giving sight to blind and hearing to the death are signs of age to come promised by Old Testament prophets

  • AS FUTURE REDEEMED STATE

    • Jesus teaches that is a state where the righteous live in redeemed world, perfect harmony with God

    • ST PAUL: resurrection = first sign fallen world is restored, humans can at last ‘see’ and ‘know; God face to face (1 CORINTHIANS 13:12)

      • Before Christ= see heavenly state through ‘dark glass’

      • After Christ= glimpse the future ‘clearly’

    • JOHN THE DIVINE (AUTHOR OF REVELATIONS): Jesus’ death washed away sin, so righteous can experience joy of god’s presence

  • PUNISHMENT AND JUSTICE

    • Matter of justice, wicked excluded from future kingdom

    • LUKE 16:19-31:RICH MAN AND LAZARUS: poor man found himself with the righteous, the rich man in hades

  • PROBLEMS

    • DELAY OF PAROUSIA

      • Waiting for judgement day/return of Jesus Christ

      • MATTHEW 25:36: not Jesus or angels know when judgment day is, only god

    • PLACE

      • Would kingdom be same place as heaven?

      • JTD: after finial vanquishing of Satan, world replaced ‘new earth and new heaven’

    • TIMING

      • LUKE 23:43: ‘today you will be in paradise with me’

      • MILLENARIANISM: based on revelation 20:2-5 idea that Jesus will return and rule on earth for 1,000 years after  judgment day

    • PURGATORY

      • Allows person who isn’t prepared for gods judgement to do so

HELL

  • SPIRITUAL STATE: ORIGEN

    • ‘each sinner kindles his own fire … and our own vices from its fuel’

    • Punishment not inflicted by Satan via god but ‘internal anguish’ at being separated from God

    • Not a permanent state, pass when world redeemed

  • CONSCIENCE: GREGORY OF NYSSA

    • Judgement and torture are result of guilty conscience when placed in front of Christ

  • DANTE’S VERSION OF HELL

    • From Divine Comedy

    • Created at moment of Jesus’ death, (Matthew 27:51-53)

      • Earthquake caused dead to arise from their toms

      • 9th circle has Judas and Cassius, represent those who deliberately established God-given moral/spiritual/political order

  • AS SYMBOL OF ALIENATION: TILLICH

    •  ‘heaven and hell must be taken seriously as metaphors for the polar ultimates in the experience of the divine’

    • If god reconciles all things out of love, ten contradictory and immoral to exclude some of his creatures

      • Hell maintains psychological power as life alienated from God

      • No purpose in life, to lie to oneself, to escape from reality into trivia, find no joy in music/art/nature

      • Not place but state of being

  • AS ETERNAL SEPARATION: CATHOLIC CHUCH

    • Mortal sin: sin which is morally gravely deficient, deliberately willed and in defiance of god’s law

    • Venial sin: errors of judgement and lack of moral knowledge, solved through repentance

    • Eternal for those who commit

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