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Why did Stalin end the NEP and begin rapid industrialisation in 1928?
1. Economic problems with the NEP
The economy and industry were not growing:
A new way was needed to raise the funds necessary to build new industry quicker
The Scissors Crisis:
The price of manufactured goods were rising…

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2. With this, extra grain, the Party could provide more food for workers to avoid bread shortages and also
see surplus grain for export
3. With the revenue gained from the exported grain, the party can afford to fund the aspects needed for
the rapid industrialisation (factories, housing, railways and…

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Stalin encouraged poorer peasants to denounce the Kulaks by rewarding them: gave them land that had
belonged to the Kulaks
Dekulakisation: ending of capitalism and independent farming in the countryside
Many peasants resisted collectivisation because it would result in a loss of independence and financial
loss for them
The Twenty-five…

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moved to towns and became the new
The Five Year Plans:
The FYPs was a planned economy:
GOSPLAN ­ The state planning committee: responsible for economic planning and co-ordinating
industry (planned ahead for growth)
State controls all industry ­ decide what to produce, how to produce it, how much…

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Focussed on quantity, not Unrealistic targets, still corruption:
quality ­ wastage lying of figures (more realistic than
Lacked detail 1st FYP however)
Lack of co-ordination, but better that
1st FYP

Did Stalin change Soviet families during the 1930s?
Society was deeply conservative
In the 1920s, the Bolsheviks attempted to…

Page 6

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complex and expensive. Absent husbands were tracked down by the Party, humiliated in
the press and made to pay for their children

In the 1920s, sexual freedom was promoted. This contributed to family breakdowns.
Stalin reversed this during the Great Retreat. The government promoted sexual
abstinence and women who…


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