KQ4 Revision Notes: How far did Western Democratic Structures succeed in the Federal Republic?

Revision Notes on Key Question 4 of the course Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933-63

Specifically for AS OCR History A Unit F964 Option B

Study Topic 4: Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933–63

[Sepcification for my course on pg 63 of:http://www.ocr.org.uk/download/kd/ocr_9582_kd_gce_spec.pdf]

Thanks to this member whose notes helped me:http://getrevising.co.uk/resources/ocr_germany_1933_63_kq_4

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  • Created by: Flo
  • Created on: 07-04-11 21:35

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How far did Western democratic structures
succeed in the Federal Republic?
The Western Zones (1945-49)

The Four `D's
1. Denazification

Methods: Problems:
The Nuremberg Trials: Trials ­ evidence was questionable on a legal basis
Set up to punish Nazi leaders. and the allies refused to be tried on a similar…

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LDPD ­ replaced by FDP (Free Democratic Party) led by Heuss in 1948 due to influence of the SED over the
LDPD in the East.




3. Decentralisation
US zone ­ supported due to their own federal government system ­ established administrative structures for
three Länder. May 1946 first free federal…

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Bizone created the German Economic Council ­ power to pass laws on economic matters.


1949 April ­ French Zone entered the Bizone, forming the Trizone.




2. The Marshall Plan (1947)
`Truman Doctrine' declared ­ President stated it was the US's mission to contain the spread of Communism.
June ­ Marshall…

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Electoral System Pluralism of political parties.
Prevented parties' abolition.
Direct votes (e.g. plebiscites) on important laws and issues forbidden.
Mixed member proportional representation.
1953 5% hurdle introduced.


Supreme Court New agency with the right to investigate and prevent anti-democratic activities.
New constitution court and agency ­ fended off threats to…

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SPD hostile to Adenauer's western integration.
1952 Schumacher died ­ support for the SPD dwindled.
Cold War ­ led to mistrust of Communism.
People getting used to divided Germany and western integration was attractive ­ loss of support for the
SPD.
1959 ­ SPD pursued a more liberal economic stance…

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The Western Economy

Aims
Erhard was the Economic Minister.
Aimed for rising consumption and economic growth.
Social Market Economy ­ some state intervention ­ third way between capitalism and socialism.
Wanted to combine economic and political freedom with social justice and security.
Protect private property and support enterprise and investment…

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France tried to negotiate a European Defence Community ­ caused opposition ­ resistance to rearmament by
the SPD and some elements in the CDU.
FRG negotiated with France ­ German Sovereignty would be granted and Occupational Statute ended in
1955 and Western Powers kept their rights over West Berlin.
The…

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German Federation of Trade Unions ­ umbrella organisation unions created in
1949 ­ stronger negotiations with the government and employers rather than
counteracting each other.
1951 Co-determination Law ­ workers had representatives on industrial
managerial boards.
1952 Works' Constitution Law ­ co-determination extended and created a
works council for all…

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Still an expectation that women would adhere to the three Ks.



Attitudes
Consumerism: 1950s ­ slow growth in wages ­ people saved a lot due to war mentality ­ 11% owned a
fridge.
Second half of the 1950s ­ more rapid rise in standards of living as unions' power
increased…

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