Anti - Semitism, Hitler and the German People, 1919 - 1945 (HIS2N)

AQA AS History course:

Anti - Semitism, Hitler and the German People, 1919 - 1945 (HIS2N)

  • Complete set of revision notes
  • Timeline of Key events
  • All past questions with indicitive content (excluding 2012)

N.B. Credit goes to my teacher for the main notes, I just organised and reformatted them as well as adding the indicitive content and timeline etc.

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AntiSemitism, Hitler and the
German People: 19191949
Resit Revision Notes
Grace Turner

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There are four main topic areas to revise:
1. AntiSemitism in Germany 19191939
2. Hitler's antiSemitic views
3. The Racial State
4. The Impact of War (+ The Holocaust)
The best way to revise is to keep doing example exam questions.…read more

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November 1938 Kristallnacht
November 1938 Jews banned from theatre etc.…read more

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AntiSemitism in Germany, 1919­1930
The increased assimilation and social achievement of Jews in Weimar Germany
The extent of antiSemitism in Weimar Germany right wing political views Jews and Communism
Jewish politicians and financiers
Past Questions:
12 marks:
1. Explain why Nazis blamed the Jews for the Great Depression in Germany. (12 marks) June
Answers should include a range of reasons as to why the Jews were blamed by the Nazis for
causing the great depression in Germany in 1929.…read more

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Hitler believed before World War One that killing German Jews would improve the war effort.
To reach the higher levels candidates will need to show the interrelationship of the reasons given,
for example they might suggest that Hitler's existing AntiSemitism was key or link his belief about
a Jewish conspiracy to the fact there were Jewish politicians such as Walter Rathenau who were
responsible for carrying out the stipulations of the Treaty.
3. Explain why Hitler linked Jews with communism.…read more

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Candidates should be able to make a judgement by balancing points which agree with the view that
assimilation not antiSemitism was the experience of the majority of Jews in Germany, in the years
1919 to 1929.
Points/factors/evidence which agree(s) might include:
· The relative success of Jews in Germany, e.g. 16% of lawyers and 10% doctors
· Significant position held by Jews in politics, e.g. Walter Rathenau
· Jewish influences on German art, music and culture, e.g.…read more

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Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.
Points/factors/evidence which agree(s) might include:
· Detail on the assassination of Walter Rathenau and why it happened
· Detail on existence antiSemitic right wing groups such as the Nazis etc
· Widespread reading of works such as Houston Chamberlain's `Foundations of the Nineteenth
· Backlash against Jewish financiers, e.g. the Barmat scandal.
Points/factors/evidence which disagree(s) might include:
· High degree of assimilation in Germany of Jews, e.g.…read more

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The Jews in Weimar Germany
In establishing the Weimar Republic, the transfer of political power to new leaders developed the
idea of the `Jewish problem'. These new political leaders, some Jewish, favoured total
The Republic was therefore branded as Jewish and the introduction of isolated Jews to
government positions and the higher civil service led credence to the charge that it was a Jewish
Jews were just one of the scapegoats for Germany's defeat and collapse in 1918.…read more

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More than 370 assassinations were carried out in Bavaria in the next two
The two most significant were those of Matthias Erzberger who had signed the Armistice and
Walter Rathenau, the Jewish Foreign Minister who had organised the Treaty of Rapallo
with the Soviet Union.
The murder of Rathenau in 1922 was accompanied by the slogan, `Knock off Walter
Rathenau, the dirty Goddamned Jewish sow'.…read more

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These negative statistics were compounded by an increase in the number of mixed marriages
and conversions to Christianity.
Attendance at synagogues was in decline and many Jews opposed funding for separate Jewish
schools. Between 1919 and 1933, the number of Jews fell as a result of deliberate assimilation.
When the possibility arose of Polish and Russian Jews entering Germany to escape
antiSemitism, German Jews called for increased controls on immigration.…read more


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