Anti - Semitism, Hitler and the German People, 1919 - 1945 (HIS2N)

AQA AS History course:

Anti - Semitism, Hitler and the German People, 1919 - 1945 (HIS2N)

  • Complete set of revision notes
  • Timeline of Key events
  • All past questions with indicitive content (excluding 2012)

N.B. Credit goes to my teacher for the main notes, I just organised and reformatted them as well as adding the indicitive content and timeline etc.

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AntiSemitism, Hitler and the
German People: 19191949
Resit Revision Notes
Grace Turner


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There are four main topic areas to revise:

1. AntiSemitism in Germany 19191939
2. Hitler's antiSemitic views
3. The Racial State
4. The Impact of War (+ The Holocaust)

The best way to revise is to keep doing example exam questions.

Below I have divided the course along those…

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November 1938 Kristallnacht
November 1938 Jews banned from theatre etc.
December 1938 Closure of all Jewish businesses
January 1939 Addition of middle names Israel and Sarah
January 1939 Heydrich appointed to direct Reich Central Office for Jewish Emigration
September 1939 Germany attacked Poland start of WWII
October 1939 Hitler authorised…

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1. AntiSemitism in Germany, 1919­1930
The increased assimilation and social achievement of Jews in Weimar Germany
The extent of antiSemitism in Weimar Germany right wing political views Jews and Communism
Jewish politicians and financiers

Past Questions:
12 marks:
1. Explain why Nazis blamed the Jews for the Great Depression in…

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· Hitler believed before World War One that killing German Jews would improve the war effort.

To reach the higher levels candidates will need to show the interrelationship of the reasons given,
for example they might suggest that Hitler's existing AntiSemitism was key or link his belief about
a Jewish…

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Candidates should be able to make a judgement by balancing points which agree with the view that
assimilation not antiSemitism was the experience of the majority of Jews in Germany, in the years
1919 to 1929.

Points/factors/evidence which agree(s) might include:
· The relative success of Jews in Germany, e.g.…

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Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.

Points/factors/evidence which agree(s) might include:
· Detail on the assassination of Walter Rathenau and why it happened
· Detail on existence antiSemitic right wing groups such as the Nazis etc
· Widespread reading of works such as Houston Chamberlain's `Foundations of…

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The Jews in Weimar Germany

In establishing the Weimar Republic, the transfer of political power to new leaders developed the
idea of the `Jewish problem'. These new political leaders, some Jewish, favoured total

The Republic was therefore branded as Jewish and the introduction of isolated Jews to
government positions…

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the summer of 1921. More than 370 assassinations were carried out in Bavaria in the next two

The two most significant were those of Matthias Erzberger who had signed the Armistice and
Walter Rathenau, the Jewish Foreign Minister who had organised the Treaty of Rapallo
with the Soviet Union.…

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These negative statistics were compounded by an increase in the number of mixed marriages
and conversions to Christianity.

Attendance at synagogues was in decline and many Jews opposed funding for separate Jewish
schools. Between 1919 and 1933, the number of Jews fell as a result of deliberate assimilation.

When the…


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