AS Unit 2 Britain and India 1890 - 1950

Notes on Indian history 1890 - 1950

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: JoeSavage
  • Created on: 24-05-12 20:03
Preview of AS Unit 2 Britain and India 1890 - 1950

First 364 words of the document:

History Unit 2 Revision
India 1850 - 1918
Timeline 1850 - 1918
1857 - The beginning of the Indian Mutiny
1858 - Crown control of India
1875 - Foundation of Aligarh College
1877 - British territorial control at its greatest in India and Queen Victoria named the Empress of India
1883 - The Ilbert Bill
1885 - Indian National Congress Act increases Indian participation in local and provincial government
1897 - Tilak founds the Sivaji Festival as a way of mobilising the masses
1901 - North West Frontier Province is created
1905 - Russia defeated by Japan in the Russo-Japanese War, on October the 16th the province of Bengal is
partitioned and in December a Liberal government is elected in Britain
1907 - Congress splits at Surat
1909 - Indian Councils Act
1911 - The province of Bengal is reunited and Delhi is made the British capital in India
1914 - Outbreak of the First World War
1916 - Formation of Home Rule leagues and the Lucknow Pact is formed
1917 - 20th of August the Montagu Declaration is issued
1918 - End of WW1 and the issuing of President Wilson's 14 points
What was the INC?
The INC was the Indian National Congress and was formed in 1885; it had a majority of representatives whom were
Hindu. It did however include some British members such as Allan Hume who was a frequent chair; does this suggest a
unity with the British Raj? The INC also made the decision not to alienate religious groups as this would weaken their
claims to represent all India.
What did Viceroy Curzon do?
Curzon's two successive terms as Viceroy of India are viewed as the "high noon" of the British Raj; it was the
decisions from his second term that stoked the problems and campaigns which would result in the next 50 years of
Britain giving up colonial control of India. When Curzon came into Office he had two objectives, make India less
vulnerable to external threats and make the British administration of India more efficient, respected and thus less
open to criticism and political threats.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

What was Curzon's Frontier Policy?
Curzon's greatest success was the creation of a buffer zone between the Indo-Gangetic plains and the Afghan tribal
areas beyond which lay the Russian Empire. In this area Curzon replaced British troops who were creating tension by
being there with a military force of local warriors under British command.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

This delegation led to the All India Muslim League being formed in December 1906 urged on by the Aga Khan and
was founded in Dacca, Bengal.
What were the Morley-Minto Reforms?
The 1908 Royal Commission on Decentralisation that was set up to recommend improvements to administration of
India suggested modest increases on number of Indians on the legislative councils. It was this suggestion that was
championed by the then Secretary of State for India, John Morley, and the Viceroy of India, Lord Minto.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Central Legislative Council increase to 150 members of whom 80% be elected and 1/3 would be Muslim
in the proportions set out for the provinces.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

In Jallianwala Bagh ten to twenty thousand Punjabis of different religions had gathered in an enclosed park to
celebrate after two major religious festivals. This collection of people however went against the banning of all public
meetings that Dyer had ordered; Dyer and his troops entered the park firing 1600 bullets, only stopping due to their
ammunition running out, these shots resulted in 379 people being killed and 1200 wounded as they attempted to
escape the blood bath.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Dyer's actions back home and this had led to greater support for Gandhi's peaceful rebellion call. Gandhi called for
the boycott of law courts by lawyers, of schools and colleges by teachers along with a boycott of British cloth which
had an economic effect on the British manufacturers. There were also huge demonstrations against the British held
during the Prince of Wales visit in 1921 where 30,000 people were arrested.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

The Commission's work and eventual report were however overtaken by the release of the
Nehru Report and Dominion Declaration.
What was the Nehru Report?
The boycott of the Simon Commission drew the Indian political compass together and in 1928 an all party conference
took place, which was in effect an Indian Round Table Conference with representatives from Congress, the Muslim
League, Central Sikh League, the Indian (Princely) State's Subjects Association, the Bombay non - Brahmin Party and
the Communist Party of Bombay.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

Simon Commission and rendered it irrelevant as well as Birkenhead Winston Churchill was also
angered.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

History Unit 2
India 1930 - 1949
What was the Salt March which took place on 12th March 1930?
As part of the new Non-cooperation movement, Gandhi announced that he and 78 chosen supporters would walk
400km from his Ashram in Sabarmati to the sea at Dandi Beach where they would boil sea water to make salt. They
decided to this because it would publicise a boycott of the salt tax enforced by the British on a basic need of poor
Indians.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

The civil disobedience movement would be halted (G)
Congress would participate in a reconvened round table conference (G)
An inquiry into police brutality wouldn't be held (I)
Political prisoners would be released unless guilty of violent crime (I)
Banned organisations would be unbanned, fines cancelled, other restrictions lifted and officials
reemployed if they had resigned
Peaceful picketing in support of Indian goods was permitted only if it didn't threaten the sale of British
The government promised that all future political changes would be in…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »