Key Question 3 - To what extent and in what ways did communism transform the GDR?

Detailed Notes on Key Question 3 of the course Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933-63

Shorter version here: http://getrevising.co.uk/resources/kq3_revision_notes_to_what_extent_and_in_what_ways_did_communism_transform_the_gdr

Specifically for AS OCR History A Unit F964 Option B

Study Topic 4: Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933–63

[Sepcification for my course on pg 63 of:http://www.ocr.org.uk/download/kd/ocr_9582_kd_gce_spec.pdf]

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Preview of Key Question 3 - To what extent and in what ways did communism transform the GDR?

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To what extent and in what ways did
communism transform the GDR?
Early Allied Plans
Granda
lli
ance­U
S SR,U
S A andB
rit
ain­f
or
medi
nt
hel
at
terh
a l
fo
f1
9 41­b
r
ought
toget
her
out
of
the
necessi
ty
of
the
mil
i
tar
y sur
vival
of
t
hei
r
nati
ons.
Atlantic Charter (1941)
Churchi
ll
and
R oosevel
t.
Agr
ee d
to
a nni
hil
ate
N azi
sm.
Est
abli
shan
e w, peacef
ul wor
ldo
r
der
­pol
it
ical
f
reedom,
sel
fdet
ermi
nat
ionf
or
al
l
peopl
es,
l
iber
al
w or
ld
market
.
No
comp romises
w i
th
H i
tl
er.
Casablanca (January 1943)
Chur
chil
l
and Roosevelt
.
Demand ed
the
`uncondi
ti
onal
sur
render
'
of
G er
many.
St
ali
n absent
­
upset
to
fi
nd t
hat
the
We st
woul
dn'
t
be st
rong
enough
to
invade
France
unt
il
1944.
Teheran (NovemberDecember 1943)
Fi
rst
summit
of t
he `
B i
g Three'
.
Map t
he mil
it
ary st
rat
e gy
for
t
he
fi
nal
phase
of
the war.
Showedt
h at
deci
sionso
nt err
it
ori
al
chan gesi
nE uropea
fter
Hit
ler
wo ul
dn't
bee
as i
l
yf
o und­s
elf
i
nter
est
and
mu t
ual
mi st
rust
stood
in
the
w ay
of compromise.
I
ssueso
v ert
heb o rderb
e tweenP o l
an da
n dG
e r
ma ny­U
S SR w ant
edt
ok
e ept
hea
r easi
nP
o l
and
gai
nedb
yt he1
9 39N
a ziS ovi
et
P act
­We sterna
ll
iesa
g r
eedt
ot
hi
st
ok eepS
t al
ino
ns
id e­P
o landh
ad
t
ob
ec
o mp ensatedw
i thl
andf
rom EasternG
e r
ma ny­b
o rder
d r
aw na
longt
het
w or
iversO
d er
and
Nei
sse.
Al
li
es w ant
ed t
o el
iminat
et
h eG
e r
ma nt
h r
ea tp
e rma nent
ly­p
l ansa
b outs
ep ar
ati
ngG e rma nyi
nt
o
di
ff
erent
st
ates were
d i
scussed but
not
fi
nali
sed ­
sp eci
al
commi ssi
on negoti
ated
thi
s f
urther.
US Secretar
yo
f Stat
e(
HenryMo
r genthau)
sug gest
edd
i vi
dingG
e rmanyu
pa n dt
u r
ningi
tintoap
u rel
y
agr
ari
an st
a t
e,
de st
royi
ng al
l
indust
ry.
Yalta Conference (February 1945)
Ci
rcums t
anceso
f war changedb
etweenT
e her
a na
n dY
al
ta­i
tw asc
lear
t
h at
Bri
tai
n'sp
ow er
wa si
n
decl
i
n e.
The
S ovi
et
army had
advanced
int
o Ger
ma ny
w hi
le
the
West
didn'
t
reach
the
R hi
ne unt
il
Febr
u ar
y.
TheS
o vi
et
`l
iber
ati
on'
of
stat
esi
nE
a st
ernE
uropew
a sn
ot
support
edb
ye verybodya
ndw o ul
db
e comea
f
ocus of
di
scussi
on.
Stalin:
S t
ali
n had
establ
ished
a provi
si
onal
communi
st
gover
nment
i
n Pol
and
in
Januar
y.
O bsessi
on wi
th
secu r
it
y was gr
owi
ng.

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