Key Indeviduals Sheet

I made this for my "History of Medicine" course, it is a long document of all the key indeviduals in medicine. I added dates to aid in ordering. What i did with this is printed 2 copies and cut out one copy and stick each person on a revision card and keep the other copy intact, and revised what each person did with the revision cards.

Hope this helps

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Key Themes: Individuals
Hippocrates (c. 400 BC)
Made the "Hippocratic Oath"
Took a scientific approach to illness
Theory of the 4 Humours (Blood, Phlegm, Yellow Bile and Black Bile)
Theory of the 4 Humours- Unbalanced humours caused illness
Encouraged cleaning, brushing their teeth, and exercise
Clinical observation
Thought to have written some of the medical collection "Hippocratic Corpus
Didn't dissect humans, wasn't allowed
Galen (c. 161 AD)
Galen added the theory of opposites, if you have too much of one humour, get more of it's opposite humour
Galen found the brain to be the most important organ in the body, (opened up a pig, cut a nerve and it
stopped screaming).
Didn't dissect a human, he wasn't allowed
He linked the seasons to the elements
o Blood- Spring
o Phlegm- Winter
o Black Bile- Summer
o Yellow Bile- Autumn
Couldn't dissect humans
Rhazes (c. 875 AD)
Identified the difference between "Smallpox" and "Measles"
Couldn't dissect humans
Albucasis (c. 936 AD)
Albucasis encouraged physicians not to operate before knowing the what the problem is
Albucasis insisted that physicians should operate only when they have a plan on what they want to do
Couldn't dissect humans
Avicenna (c. 990 AD)
Wrote the "Canon of medicine"
The "Canon o f Medicine" was a book with a compilation of Hippocrates, Aristotle and Galen's work
Couldn't dissect humans
Ibn al-Nafis (c. 1200 AD)
Found there was no holes in the septum and that the blood flowed in a circular motion around the body
Couldn't dissect humans
________________________________Dissection started to be allowed_____________________________________

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Vesalius (c. 1543 AD)
In 1543 Vesalius published "On the Structure of the Human Body"- the book had many detailed pictures
with annotation
Was allowed, and did many dissections
Proved Galen wrong on multiple occasions
o The human jaw was made up of one bone not two
o The heart has no holes in the septum
Ambroise Paré (c.…read more

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In 1842, Chadwick published "Report on the sanitary condition of the labouring population of Great
He proposed that a healthy population would save money rather than cost money.
The statistics of mortality and sickness shocked upper classes
Doctor Horace Wells(c. 1844 AD)
In 1844 Horace used Nitrous Oxide in a public display but bad chance he had picked a patient no affected by
the gas and the patient screamed out.
The importance of Nitrous Oxide was ignored again
William Morton and John Warren (c.…read more

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In 1882, Pasteur developed "Rabies" vaccine
Joseph Lister (c. 1865 AD)
In 1865, Lister used carbolic acid as a method for killing germs "anti-septic surgery".
Lister had seen it used on sewage to keep smell down, so he tested if it could be used to kill infection
Robert Koch (c. 1882 AD)
Koch developed dyeing techniques
In 1882 Koch identified the Tuberculosis bacterium
Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen (c. 1895 AD)
Discovered X-rays in 1895
Henri Becquerel and Marie Curie (c.…read more


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