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The Roaring 20s: 19181929
Section A how and why did the USA achieve
prosperity in the 1920s?
Republicans: `laissezfaire' `leave alone'. They believed in low
taxation and little government intervention.
Democrats: higher levels of taxation, more government support for
needy people.

Isolationism
In March 1920, not enough votes…

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Immigration restrictions:
1917 Immigration Law had to prove you could read a 40 word
passage in English.

1921 Emergency Quota Act reduced no. allowed in to 357,000 with
people from Eastern Europe particularly penalised. The no. of
immigrants had to be 3% or less of the people living…

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1). USA was rich in raw materials land, people and oil.
2). USA industry grew during WWI sold weapons&food
to European countries.
3). People could buy consumer goods more easily thanks
to new credit facilities hire purchase.
4). Advertisements in magazines&newspapers all tried
to convince Americans that they…

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Effects of the US tariff policy:
Average import duty was 40%, and duty on some imported
items was as high as 40%.
At first they helped, but not for long...
Made life harder for poor people.
Wage rises made it more expensive to produce goods.
High tariffs were…

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KKK
They hate: Black people, immigrants, Jews and Catholics.
Head of the KKK: Hiram Wesley Evans (aka Imperial Wizard).

Members in 1920: 5,000 members.
Members in 1925: 5 million.

Why their no's. grew: White people's jobs were being taken by
black people willing to work for lower wages.…

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NAACP Led by W.E.B DuBois , dedicated to `equal rights and
opportunities for all'.
Founded in 1909 .
Campaigned against lynching in the south.




Prohibition between Jan 1920Dec 1933 it was illegal to
make, sell or transport alcoholic drinks in the USA.

In the 19th century, pressure from…

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Prohibition agents
John F Kramer assigned 3,000 agents to ensure alcohol wasn't
being sold.
During the 1920s, more than 500 prohibition agents were `killed
in action'.
Gangsters often bribed agents with large amounts of money so
they wouldn't report them.
In New Orleans, it took 35 seconds to…

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By 1933 farm incomes had dropped by about 60%, the cost of
goods they needed had only dropped by 15%.

Key issue: Why did the US Stock Exchange collapse in
1929?

Depression
Cycle of Depression:
Reduced demand= Reduced production=Reduced
employment/lower wages=Reduced money to spend.
Why did the USA…

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