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The Roaring 20s: 19181929
Section A how and why did the USA achieve
prosperity in the 1920s?
Republicans: `laissezfaire' `leave alone'. They believed in low
taxation and little government intervention.
Democrats: higher levels of taxation, more government support for
needy people.

In March 1920, not enough votes…

Page 2

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Immigration restrictions:
1917 Immigration Law had to prove you could read a 40 word
passage in English.

1921 Emergency Quota Act reduced no. allowed in to 357,000 with
people from Eastern Europe particularly penalised. The no. of
immigrants had to be 3% or less of the people living…

Page 3

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1). USA was rich in raw materials land, people and oil.
2). USA industry grew during WWI sold weapons&food
to European countries.
3). People could buy consumer goods more easily thanks
to new credit facilities hire purchase.
4). Advertisements in magazines&newspapers all tried
to convince Americans that they…

Page 4

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Effects of the US tariff policy:
Average import duty was 40%, and duty on some imported
items was as high as 40%.
At first they helped, but not for long...
Made life harder for poor people.
Wage rises made it more expensive to produce goods.
High tariffs were…

Page 5

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They hate: Black people, immigrants, Jews and Catholics.
Head of the KKK: Hiram Wesley Evans (aka Imperial Wizard).

Members in 1920: 5,000 members.
Members in 1925: 5 million.

Why their no's. grew: White people's jobs were being taken by
black people willing to work for lower wages.…

Page 6

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NAACP Led by W.E.B DuBois , dedicated to `equal rights and
opportunities for all'.
Founded in 1909 .
Campaigned against lynching in the south.

Prohibition between Jan 1920Dec 1933 it was illegal to
make, sell or transport alcoholic drinks in the USA.

In the 19th century, pressure from…

Page 7

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Prohibition agents
John F Kramer assigned 3,000 agents to ensure alcohol wasn't
being sold.
During the 1920s, more than 500 prohibition agents were `killed
in action'.
Gangsters often bribed agents with large amounts of money so
they wouldn't report them.
In New Orleans, it took 35 seconds to…

Page 8

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By 1933 farm incomes had dropped by about 60%, the cost of
goods they needed had only dropped by 15%.

Key issue: Why did the US Stock Exchange collapse in

Cycle of Depression:
Reduced demand= Reduced production=Reduced
employment/lower wages=Reduced money to spend.
Why did the USA…


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