Roaring 20s History B Topic 1 revision notes

The majority of Roaring 20s notes, minus some areas which you can see as they say 'see sheet' next to them.

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: issyfh
  • Created on: 31-03-16 16:32
Preview of Roaring 20s History B Topic 1 revision notes

First 208 words of the document:

Paper Two
The Roaring 20s: 19181929
Section A how and why did the USA achieve
prosperity in the 1920s?
Republicans: `laissezfaire' `leave alone'. They believed in low
taxation and little government intervention.
Democrats: higher levels of taxation, more government support for
needy people.
In March 1920, not enough votes in the Senate for the TofV to be
ratified. As the League was part of the TofV this meant the USA didn't
Republicans: WARREN HARDING (don't want the League)
Don't want to get involved in `entangling alliances'.
WWI had been expensive & lots of soldiers killed.
Many Americans hated the idea.
1920 Presidential Election:
61% of the vote went to the Republicans.
Harding promised `normalcy'.
`Red Scare'
Many immigrants had come to the USA from Russia and Eastern
In 1917, Russia had a Communist Revolution.
Made Americans worried that immigrants had brought
Communist ideas with them to the USA.
1920 bomb exploded on Wall Street, 38 people died (blamed on
Italian anarchists). As a result, 100,000 were arrested with `left wing'
views; any who were immigrants were deported.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Paper Two
Immigration restrictions:
1917 Immigration Law had to prove you could read a 40 word
passage in English.
1921 Emergency Quota Act reduced no. allowed in to 357,000 with
people from Eastern Europe particularly penalised. The no. of
immigrants had to be 3% or less of the people living in that country in
1924 National Origins Act the 3% quota was reduced to 2% & the
year of residency moved back to 1890.
1929 no.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Paper Two
1). USA was rich in raw materials land, people and oil.
2). USA industry grew during WWI sold weapons&food
to European countries.
3). People could buy consumer goods more easily thanks
to new credit facilities hire purchase.
4). Advertisements in magazines&newspapers all tried
to convince Americans that they should `keep up with
the Joneses'.
6). Mail order extended the market for consumer goods
beyond towns and cities.
7).…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Paper Two
Effects of the US tariff policy:
Average import duty was 40%, and duty on some imported
items was as high as 40%.
At first they helped, but not for long...
Made life harder for poor people.
Wage rises made it more expensive to produce goods.
High tariffs were disastrous on American businesses relying on
By blocking trade, tariffs damaged the global economy and
eventually helped cause the Depression in 1930.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Paper Two
They hate: Black people, immigrants, Jews and Catholics.
Head of the KKK: Hiram Wesley Evans (aka Imperial Wizard).
Members in 1920: 5,000 members.
Members in 1925: 5 million.
Why their no's. grew: White people's jobs were being taken by
black people willing to work for lower wages.
Secret codes: Klonversations.
Rule book: Kloran.
Tactics they used: lynching, whipping, branding with acid,
castration and burning crosses.
How many lynchings were there in Georgia in 192425? 135.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Paper Two
NAACP Led by W.E.B DuBois , dedicated to `equal rights and
opportunities for all'.
Founded in 1909 .
Campaigned against lynching in the south.
Prohibition between Jan 1920Dec 1933 it was illegal to
make, sell or transport alcoholic drinks in the USA.
In the 19th century, pressure from Religious groups and
temperance organisations (who believed in moderate
consumption of alcohol or even total abstinence from drinking)
had led to state governments putting restrictions on the sale of
alcohol.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Paper Two
Prohibition agents
John F Kramer assigned 3,000 agents to ensure alcohol wasn't
being sold.
During the 1920s, more than 500 prohibition agents were `killed
in action'.
Gangsters often bribed agents with large amounts of money so
they wouldn't report them.
In New Orleans, it took 35 seconds to find alcohol during the
Prohibition era.
Al Capone
St Valentine's Day Massacre, 1929. Against two rival gangs.
7 members of a gang were gunned down.
He gave lots of money to charity.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

Paper Two
By 1933 farm incomes had dropped by about 60%, the cost of
goods they needed had only dropped by 15%.
Key issue: Why did the US Stock Exchange collapse in
Cycle of Depression:
Reduced demand= Reduced production=Reduced
employment/lower wages=Reduced money to spend.
Why did the USA fall into depression in 1929? SEE SHEET
In 1932, 12 million were unemployed. By 1933 unemployment
had reached 25%.
In Chicago, nearly half the labour force was unemployed.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »