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Slide 1

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Medicine before the Renaissance
Simple Starter: How many new ideas on causes
What were the main medical and treatments had there
ideas of the Middle Ages? been in the Middle Ages?
The Medical Renaissance
· To develop an understanding of how existing and `traditional'
medical ideas were challenged in this period through studies of the
work of Andreas Vesalius and William Harvey
· To identify the extent of change in medical knowledge and
treatment that resulted from these new ideas…read more

Slide 2

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A Period of Change? where
Read the `Renaissance and Reformation' section on p12
of and write down
what you consider to be the two biggest reasons why there should
have been positive changes in the development of Medicine.
Renaissance = able
on and a
Therefore, rather than simply believing in the medical
ideas of the Ancient Greeks and Romans, somefor
scientists began to re-read and investigate the ideas
of Hippocrates and Galen in particular. Both Andreasge
Vesalius and William Harvey were examples of men who
did this and made highly important discoveries
importa…read more

Slide 3

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The work and discoveries of
Andreas Vesalius
Role: Professor of Surgery ­ Padua University
Specialism: Anatomy (Structure of the body)
Famous Book: The Fabric of the Human Body (1543)
The Fabric of the Human Body was a ground breaking
book, Whose ideas of
both in terms were the
its content and it's production.
Vesalius had been
benchmark able
for to conduct numerous dissection
of human bodies
knowledge (something
of doctors that could only be done
once a year in the training
the Middle Ages? of doctors in the Middle
Ages), so his work was based on accurate evidence.
He was should
Why also able to contents
the enlist the of
help of skilled artists
trained in Padua who were able to A drawing of
demonstrate the
Vesalius's book have been the base of the brain
findings Vesalius had made, meaning that doctors who
new benchmark for anatomical from The Fabric of
were unable to carry out their own dissections could
knowledge of doctors? the Human Body
still learn a great deal from the book.…read more

Slide 4

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Proving Galen wrong:
What Vesalius discovered
The four pictures
Whathere do
(a) connected
was the
important (b)
discoveries of
discovery that
anatomical errors
that Galenhad
made, and 1300
made over what
do youbefore.
(c) that this
should have led
to aseach letter
a result?
refer to?
(d)…read more

Slide 5

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Factor for progress:
The invention of the Printing Press
The printing press (right) had been invented in the
1440s in Germany by Johannes Gutenberg. When
Vesalius had `The Fabric of the Human Body'
published in 1543, this invention was crucial.
In general, how and why
was the invention of
the printing press going
to lead to progress in
medical knowledge?
Specifically, why was
this invention so crucial
to the spread of
Vesalius's book?…read more

Slide 6

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Proving Galen wrong again:
The work of William Harvey
William Harvey took on board the
principals that Andreas Vesalius
had set down before him, that
doctors and scientists should seek
to investigate the human body for
themselves, rather than simply
rely on the work of Galen. Vesalius
had proved that Galen had made
anatomical mistakes, and now
Harvey was destined to discover
another of the Roman's mistakes,
Where did Harvey study
but this would be one which would
at university and how
might this have have a major impact on medicine in
helped him? the long-term future.…read more

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