The USA 1920s onwards - History GCSE

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civil rights 1945-1968 : political

south 1945 - blacks denied vote through poll taxes, literacy tests. in 1945 only 12% of blacks were registered to vote.

south 1968 - 1965 voting act ends discriminaation in regaurds to voting rights,- 3 million black voters in south, however still only 62% or blacks registered to vote compared to 71% or whites.

north 1945 - blacks could vote, WW2 increased political awareness.

north 1968 - state governor of north reponds to demand of black voters by appointing blacks to senior positions. however there were still less black voter compared to white in north.

civil rights 1945- 1968: social

south 1948 - Plessy Vs Ferguson had legalised segragation : 'seperate but equal' . segregation in schools, transport and public facilities was prominent. the KKK was rife in south and mid-west.

south 1968 - segregation was slowly eroded due to campaigns of civil rights groups- e.g. Brown vs board of education in 1954 which ended segregation in schools. browder vs gayle which ended segregation on buses in montgomery. most importantly it was the 1964 civil rights act that ended segregation across all of America. the federal gov. now could enforce de segregation. however segregation was not enforced everywhere, e.g. mississippi and alabama still segregated bus terminals.

north 1948 - de facto segregation led to ghetto areas and some segregated schools

north 1968 - de facto segregation continued as the civil rights act only applied to legal segregation. lots of segregated schools in north.

The wall street crash and the great depression

wall street crash was one of the turning points of the 20th century for usa and for the world

wall street crash - merely a sensational event that affected the stock market and caused ruin for many speculators

the crash is less important than the years of economic depression that followed

reasons for the stock market crash and the subsequent depression

financial boom & availability of easy credit led to a great bull market - doubling of stock prices between 1926 and 1929.

september 1929 - sharp fall in prices but no real financial panic

priced tumbled through the floor in the great crash - first on 24th october (black thursday) - paper value stocks lost $26 billion

1930 - great depression began in both the usa and across western europe

many previous financial panics in the usa since 1873 and this one did not seem any worse

no rush of bank failures which seemed to show that the financial system was able to cope with the crisis

Non importance of Roosevelt and imperialism

Theodore Roosevelt did not come to prominence until 1897 and President Grover Cleveland was responsible for some early actions connected to Hawaii

President McKinley went to war against Spain in 1898 and took over Cuba and the

Philippines and Guam

President Taft believed in Dollar Diplomacy which was an economic form of Imperialism

President Wilson and his interest in the affairs of Mexico/Latin America end of the Frontier and the…



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