The American West 14/06/2011

A powerpoint with some of the main details of what the exam is about. I'm going to try and make another that goes into more details about each of the catagories, but I hope this clears up a bit about the exam, as I know many people don't know what to do for each question and what it's alking for.

I've also included some key dates to remember, of course there are more to look into if you're aiming for the higher grades.

I hope that I've helped at least a few people with this, and let me know if you'd like me to try get another one with more detail on from each category!

Best of Luck to Everyone Doing the Exam Next Tuesday!!! :)

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Slide 1

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The American West
1840 - 1895
The struggle for the Plains
- A depth study…read more

Slide 2

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Key Dates
1837 ­ Economic Depression
1848 ­ Discovery of Gold in California
1851 ­ First Fort Laramie Treaty
1862 ­ Homestead Act
1864 ­ Sand Creek Massacre
1866 ­ Goodnight and Loving establish the first cattle trail
1868 ­ Second Fort Laramie Treaty
1869 ­ Completion of the transcontinental railroad
1873 ­ Timber and Culture Act
1876 ­ Battle of Little Bighorn
1877 ­ Desert Land Act
1887 ­ End of the Open Range
1890 ­ Battle of Wounded Knee…read more

Slide 3

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The Exam ­ Section A
You will get a sheet, most likely with 5 sources on, labelled a to e. They will
about one of the sections studied. Each question is expecting you to write
something different, not all the same for each one. Examples:
(a) Sources A and B suggest....
I can infer from the source that....
(Pick out a few points to explain about the subject given and
remember to include your own knowledge! This question can be
completed with just a few well structured sentences ­ you don't
want to be wasting time writing loads on a question that will only
give you 4 marks.)…read more

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(b) Sources C and D suggest that...
I can infer from the source that....
When comparing the sources....
(You must refer to sources A and B in this question. For most of these sources,
two will be positive about the subject and two will be negative, you need to
point this out and give a suggestion why. For higher marks, compare the
inferences you made, not just the source itself. This question is worth 6 marks.)
(c) The sources are different due to author, audience, time, or place....
(This question wants you to pick out reasons why the sources are different
by looking mainly at the information provided at the top of the source ­ the
dates, what it was written for, who wrote it.... E.g. If a source is written for a
newspaper in the early 1860's by a reporter on violence the mining towns, you
could pick out that it is before/at the start of the Homestead Act, that a
newspaper is to inform/entertain so may be exaggerated, that the reporter
may be recalling a story from one miner, not representing all of the miners,
and also that there was a lot of drinking and gambling as they were
predominantly male populated areas, and there was no law enforcement/too
big an area for it to be successful ­ a lot to pick out of one little source! 8
marks.)…read more

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(d) The source is useful because it tells me about...
The source is also useful because of its provenance...
Other types of sources would be more useful such as...
(Where does it come from and what does it tell you, and what would be a
better way of getting information on this topic? Is it a primary source from
someone who experienced it or a quote from a history book written a few
years ago? Does it tell you about the topic as a whole or is it focussed on just
one little part of it? If it's a artists impression would a photo be more
appropriate? Is it a quote from a miner on life on the Plains? ­ How about
quotes from Homesteaders, cowboys, and Indians too? 8 marks.)
(e) The most important reason...
Another reason...
A further reason...
In conclusion...
(The essay question. 10 marks. This is where you pick out the main factors that
effected the thing in question and expand on them ­ put them in an order you
consider import and makes links between them as much as possible. Write a
conclusion on the end to sum up what you are saying and make sure it's clear
which you think is the most important point.)…read more

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The questions can be asked in many different ways but all asking for very
similar things:
·Who were the homesteads?
·How and why did the US government encourage migration west?
·What part did railroad companies play in migration west?
·What problems did homesteads face trying to farm land?
·How were problems overcome?
·How important were the roles of women in settling the Plains?
They're all about the first settlers of the West in some form or another. These
are all the kinds of things that may come up as (e) questions, (or possibly (c)
questions from section B!) The best way to do it is by writing down the key
factors and points as a plan. Example:
Why were white people able to settle and farm successfully on the Great Plains?
1) Land ­ Homestead Act (62), Timber and Culture Act (73), Desert Land Act (77)
(link: government)
2) Railways ­ transport of people and goods (link: government ­ funded it)
­ split buffalo herd in two ­ end of Indian traditional way of life
3) Technology ­ Sod buster, windmills, barbed wire, turkey red wheat. (link:
railroad ­ transport.)
4) Women ­ stabilising effect on society, worked on farms, family life.…read more

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