henry VII - establishing royal authority table

this covers descriptions and impacts of the council, counsel, local government, special committes, the english court and patronage.

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  • Created on: 10-02-15 16:53
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Katrina Brookman
Brief description of its role Impact on kingship
Privy council This existed to advise the king over It was important for henry to include
matters of state, to administer law and people with a legal background as they
order, and to act in a judicial capacity could insist on the kings rights
Henry was rarely present at meetings As henry was a usurper his position as
On paper the council had 240 people but king had to be reinforced by servants on
in reality only 6/7 regularly attended. whom he could rely, for henry loyalty
(clerics Morton and fax, the household and service were the most important
peer Daubeney, Lovell a king, the attributes in a councillor.
common lawyer Dudley and bray and Henry only trusted the four closest
administrator) people to him-his uncle jasper Tudor,
duke of Bedford; his friend earl of
oxford; his step father lord Stanley, earl
of Darby; and his mother; lady Margaret
Parliament Parliament (the national assembly) both For Henry VII to have control over
the lords and the commons, was called government he had to have control over
by the king to do business, legislate and Parliament
tax.it was not a permanent institution As henry had only called parliament
but was called when the king needed it. once in his second reign it reflects
Parliament met 7 times during henrys 24 henrys growing security on the throne
year reign mostly during the first part(5 but does not mean that he devalued
in the first 10 years) parliament
The parliament recognised his title to The failure of the Simnel and Warbeck
the throne, passed attainders and voted rebellions strengthened Henry's hold on
on taxes although in 1504 it agreed only government ­ hence his lack of any
to £40000 instead of the £90000 henry desire to call Parliament.
asked for.

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Katrina Brookman
Requests from the king for subsides He legislated through parliament to
were seldom made. strengthen the royal authority over the
Henry rarely needed Parliament to grant nobles and the economy, and to ensure
him money for wars abroad as his policy his law was applied across the realm.
was to avoid expensive overseas military In this he used parliament to emphasise
campaigns as often as was possible.…read more

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His skill at by-passing Parliament (and
thus, the will of the nobility) played a
crucial role in his success at renovating
S.B. Chrimes: "Little or nothing of much
significance occurred in the history of
parliament in the reign of Henry VII...The
precedents already set over the previous
century or so were followed."
R.L. Storey: "The history of parliament in
Edward IV's reign is very similar to what
it was in Henry's."
J.…read more

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concerning murder, abduction, bail,
fraud and counterfeit"
Local government/JP's Justices of the Peace (JP's) owed their When Henry became king, he recognised
offices to the king. By the reign of Henry that the system used by Edward had its
VII, Justices of the Peace had superseded strengths in an era when communication
the local power of Sheriffs and were the was very slow and unreliable.
chief local government officers.…read more

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Lord Stanley had control over south have been more cemented to central
Lancashire and Cheshire; the Duke of government, the king's finances did not
Bedford was the most powerful noble in allow for this.
Wales and the Earl of Oxford was given Henry's mistrust of the nobility derived
East Anglia. Men such as these were from his experiences in the Wars of the
trusted by Henry and knew the outcome Roses - a majority remained dangerously
if they showed any disloyalty to him.…read more

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Bishop of Lincoln who also had no power
base in Wales.
Henry VII preferred to select his JP's
from the second tier of a county's
landowners. This was all part of his
campaign to restrict the power of the
great magnates as the JP's were
answerable to the king and they would
be a useful source of information with
regards to any magnate that was
becoming too powerful.…read more

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The English court Henry consciously copied continental By making the English court look
examples, especially the royal courts of magnificent it showed the kings wealth
burgundy and France. and power which made him look a
Henry VII deliberately cultivated his strong ruler.…read more

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Patronage The king could not rule the county alone By rewarding the royal servants it meant
so relied on his royal servants to carry that more people were likely to be loyal
out central and local government, and to to henry so that they could advance up
represent him at the European courts. the social ladder.…read more

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Another important function of the
counsel was to act as the link between
the king and the central government on
the one hand, and his subjects and local
government on the other
A constant stream of messages, orders
and reports flowed from the counsel to
the justices of the peace who controlled
the localities.…read more

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The role of this group was to preside
over the hearings of poor men's legal
suits, known as 'requests'. The role of
the Court of Star Chamber was increased
in Henry's reign to include two tribunals,
one of 1487, and the other of 1495.
The 1487 court dealt with laws against
rioters and the likes.
The court of 1495 was set up to deal
with offences of perjury. Neither of
these tribunals survived Henry's death.…read more


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