Henry VII- key features of Henry VII’s government

What was Henry renouned for being?
a “systematiser, not an innovator”; he took what other kings had set up and tweaked their systems to make it work for him
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Who set up the Court of Requests?
Richard III
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What did the Court of Requests help with?
help with legal fees for poorer people and half way through his reign, Henry reopened this court
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What did the Court of General Surveyors deal with?
Money collected from Crown Lands
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What was the biggest court?
The Council Learned in the Law
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What did the Council Learned in the Law do?
Dealing with all revenue to the king
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What was the Council Learned in the Law mainly comprised of?
Mainly lawyers
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What specifically did the Council Learned in the Law tackle?
Everything from wardships and inheritance laws to feudal dues and bonds and recognisances
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Were the Crown Lands ordinary or extra ordinary revenue?
Ordinary
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What fraction of ordinary revenue did Custom duties take up?
1/3
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What did duties become levied on?
Wool, cloth, leather and wine
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What amount did Feudal dues increase to and from in 20 years?
From £350 to £6,000
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Who were they collected from?
Those who held land in return for not doing military service
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What revenue was sometimes ordinary and other times extraordinary?
Profits of Justice, as court fees were regular but insignificant whereas punishment fees were irregular but often huge
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Was taxation an ordinary or extraordinary revenue?
Extraordinary
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How much forced loans were inflicted?
£10,000
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What did Clerical taxes help to fund?
War
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What was convocation?
In 1489 £29,000 was given to aid the French war
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How many members were in Henry VII's Royal Council?
His Royal Council consisted of 200 plus members
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What precentage of his Royal Council were clerics?
Around 50%
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What was the Privy Council?
An elite inner circle comprising of people such as Jasper Tudor and Lord Stanley
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What was the Privy Council used for?
The Council was there to give advice, implement royal policy, deal with matters concerning the King himself and reach a decision if Common Law cannot come to one
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Who was in charge of finance?
Sir Reginald Bray
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How does Pollard defend Henry VII's government comprising of only middle class members of society?
Pollard claims this because it allowed Henry to indefinitely secure loyalty, as apposed to only having over mighty subjects in the courts.
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Why did Henry try and limit the noble classes?
To stop any serious threats and rebellions arising
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How many Earls did Henry make in his reign?
Three
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How did he appease over mighty subjects?
Patronage and promotion, land and power
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What was an Act of Attainder?
Where land was given to the crown
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Henry established his authority at a local level through local governments. How did he extend this?
This system became extended with sheriffs and Justices of the Peace
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How did the Justices of Peace benefit Henry VII?
Orders given by the King to these ‘heads of state’ weren’t open to any form interpretation and gave Henry the stability he needed to deter and quell and riots and outlandish rebellions.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who set up the Court of Requests?

Back

Richard III

Card 3

Front

What did the Court of Requests help with?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the Court of General Surveyors deal with?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the biggest court?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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