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History Paper 2 ­ Germany 1919-1939

1918 - German Revolution, abdication of Wilhelm II and armistice
1919 - Defeat of the Spartacist Rising, establishment of the Weimar Republic, Treaty of
1920 - Kapp Putsch
1923 - Occupation of the Ruhr, Hyperinflation, Munich Putsch, and Stresemann becomes

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Treaty of Versailles ­ clause 231 which said that Germany must take the blame for
the war and to pay reparations for the £6600million damaged caused.

The Spartacist Revolt 1919
· An attempted armed putsch in Berlin aiming to snatch power from President
· They gained control of some…

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RENTENMARK The introduction of this new currency stabilised the German currency.
DAWES PLAN In return for Germany starting to pay reparations once more, the USA
agreed to lend Germany 800 million marks to build new factories to produce jobs/goods
and improve people's standard of living. This plan restored a lot…

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The Munich Putsch 1923
As Gustav Von Kahr (leader of the Bavarian government) addressed a meeting at the beer
hall in Munich, Hitler arrived with 600 stormtroopers. He stopped the meeting and held
Kahr at gunpoint, trying to persuade him to support the Putsch. The next day the SA took…

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How Hitler becomes dictator 1933-1934

The Reichstag fire, February 1933
The Reichstag building burnt down. A communist was found inside it who admitted
responsibility. Hitler was able to convince people that the communists were trying to
take power by terrorism, and was able to have them banned from the Reichstag.…

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unemployment almost ended completely. Another way Hitler increased employment was
by re-arming the military.

The Jews in Nazi Germany
The Nazis hated Jews. They claimed Jews were responsible for many German problems
and passed many harsh laws against them.
NUREMBURG LAWS ­ these laws stopped Jews being German citizens. Marriage…

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Hitler controlled young people's beliefs - at 10 years old children joined the Jungvolk
(Young People) ­ the boys joined the Hitler Youth and girls joined the League of German
Maidens. They were taught to support Hitler, even informing on their parents if necessary.
Girls were taught that the role…


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