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Fascism
Partly a result of the first world war
Hugh Trevor-Roper: An "ill-assorted hodge-podge of ideas"
Is it an ideology?
It lacks coherence

(It stands against more things than it stands for)

Core Values
Anti-rationalism
"think with the blood" ­ Mussolini
Emotion and instinct not intellect ­ anti-rationalism/anti- intellectualism
o…

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Fascist thinkers
Giovanni Gentile (1875- 1944)
Rejected individualism
"The individual has no meaning outside the state"
Academic
Ghost wrote Mussolini's book
"Everything is for the state, nothing is against the state, nothing outside
the state"
Links to organic state- shared heritage/culture
Promoted:
Corporatism
Collectivism
Benito Mussolini (1853- 1945)
Founding father…

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o Manichaen
Light Vs Darkness
o Final solution
o Social Darwinism
o Lebensraum ­ expansionism
Oswald Spengler ­ (1880-1936)
"Decline of the west"
Capitalism will collapse undermined by greed
Authoritarianism
Arthur de Gobineau (1816-82) & Houston Chamberlain (1855 ­ 1927)
Race a key influenced on civilization
Influenced:
o Nazism
o…

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Against mass immigration
o The enemy within
Golden Dawn
1980's
2010- 5.3% seats on Athens council
2012- 21 (later) 18 seats in Greek plt, 7%
Anti-Austerity
Anti-Mass Immigration, violence against immigrants
Use Nazi-style symbolism
Found by Mikaloliakos
Policies
"Doctors with borders"
Landmines round Greek border
Voluntary repatriation
o But Labour…

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o Stormtroopers `God is with me'

Spain
General Franceo- 1892-1975
General in Spanish army
Put down a miners strike in 1927
Became chief of staff 1936
Fought against the popular front
1934 Falange party formed
o Nationalist
o Sought glory of Spanish empire
o Unity
o Corporatism
o Organic state…

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Comments

TomCorf

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Great set of notes on major themes of historic and current Fascist movements 

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