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Types of Anarchists
Dominant form of anarchism
Mikhail Bakunin, Peter Kropotkin, Elisee Reclus and Enrico Malatesta
presented an alternative to socialism and Marsxism
Anarcho-communism proposed dissolving the state either by violent or
peaceful means and replacing it with small-scale communes or
federations of workers.
Voluntary: each individual would have the right to join a community or to
leave it. Communities might vary in their organization and values, but
individuals wouldn't be forced to conform.
They would be governed by some form of direct democracy
Minorities would accept majority opinion without feeling oppressed.
Critics naturally see this as impractical and utopian.
Too much interdependence, anarchists feared, might result in the
restoration of capitalist exchange systems, inequality, rivalry and the need
for administration, which might turn into government.
Kropotkin `mutual aid'
Malastesta was involved in establishing communes based on mutual benefit
exchange among the Italian peasantry in the 19th centaury, while Kropotkin
was an inspiration behind the Jura Federation in the Swiss-French border
country after 1873
Goods and services would be distributed within the community on an equal
basis, according to need.
Bakunin argued workers in the same industry would have a natural
affinity, so occupation would be the most successful basis for cooperation.
The individualist movement was also extensive an influential principle
authority German radical, Max Stirner his main influence was in the
Humankind was driven principally by egoism, i.e. the drive to pursue its
own self interest
He asserted that notions of individuals being naturally sociable and
cooperative were false.
The state was to be opposed mainly on the grounds that it denied people's
egoism, controlling their behavior and forcing them into unnatural social
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Josiah Warren asserted that any form of social organization was a denial of
Josiah Warren and Benjamin Tucker proposed replacing the existing
system with cooperative capitalism.
The state would cease to exist and all individuals would be freed from
obedience to any laws.
Individuals should exchange goods and services with each other on the
basis of labour value, rather than exchange value.
Tucker objectives 1. To create social justice without the interference of
the state. 2. To create greater social equality.…read more
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He believed that people should live in small, self-governing communities.
As long as the exploitation of workers, peasants and consumers was
removed, he argued, people could live in harmony without the need for a
Most syndicalist proposed the overthrow of capitalism by workers and
peasants and the replacement of the state by a workers' organization,
which would impose worker and peasant ownership of industry and land
industrial democracy, in which each industry was self-governing on the
basis of direct democracy.…read more
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Society is in - Free societies - The human race - Capitalism
general a denial of enable individuals needs to return to without the state
individualism to achieve true simpler forms of intervention gives
freedom social organization maximum scope to
- Individuals - Economic - Individuals - A completely
should be cooperation is a should be free capitalist
self-sufficient as natural activity self-sufficient and system doesn't
far as is possible free to engage in need state
free trade regulation, it is