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Gas Coal

About one fth of Britain's energy comes from coal, mostly used for generating
Gas is mostly used for heating, producing electricity and small amounts for
electricity in large power stations. Most of it is imported, despite UK stocks.
cooking. Used for about one third of UK total energy…

Page 2

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Oil Carbon Capture
and storage (CCS)

CO2 Gas or coal


CO2 sink
About a third of Britain's energy comes from oil, mostly imported. A small
proportion is used for heating and electricity production but most is used as
liquid fuels for transport.
Not a source of energy but a…

Page 3

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Nuclear Energy Passive Solar Building

image © Anglesey Môn Information Website

Nuclear power stations generate electricity. This accounts for about 20% of
Britain's electricity and will decline in the next twenty years if new power stations
are not built Buildings can be designed and positioned to maximise sunlight for heating,…

Page 4

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Solar Water Heating Solar Photovoltaics


Solar water Heating (SWH) uses sunlight to warm solar panels. Up to 70 % of a
households' hot water over the year can be provided in the UK. Panels can be part
of or added onto a roof, or in a frame. The technology…

Page 5

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Concentrating solar power Crops for liquid fuels
(with heat storage) (CSP)

Crops such as wheat, sun owers and palm oil can be turned into liquid bio-fuels
In sunny climates, it is economic to use re ectors to concentrate sunlight, such as bio-diesel and bio-ethanol, for transport fuels. Food shortages could…

Page 6

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Solid Biomass Biogas/bio-methane

image © EnviTec International

Biomass usually from forestry thinnings, willow plantations and high-yielding Biogas is a mix of methane and carbon dioxide from processing food wastes,
tall grasses such as Miscanthus can be grown for heating and electricity. They animal manure, and other plant materials in "anaerobic…

Page 7

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Land ll Gas Energy from burning Waste

Landfill Gas project at the image © Pablo Paster, San Francisco
landfill site Pioneer Crossing,
Pennsylvania © Green Gas
International ough recycling is encouraged there is much mixed waste still produced. Quite a
lot of this is incinerated (burnt), generating energy for heating…

Page 8

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Combined Heat and Power
Heat Pumps

The new CHP plant at
Birmingham Heartlands Hospital
image © Calorex Heat Pumps
Gas , coal and some other power stations produce about two and half units of
heat for every unit of electricity. This heat is mostly wasted up "cooling towers" but…

Page 9

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Geothermal Large-scale Hydropower

image © Caniluna Pty Ltd

image © Southampton Geothermal Heating Company
Hydropower is a renewable source that produces about 3% of UK electricity. The best
In some parts of the world very hot water comes to the surface of the earth. This can be
dam sites in…

Page 10

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Wave Power O shore wind farms

Wind farms in the sea bene t from steady winds and are not easily seen from land if far
The energy in waves comes originally from the wind, but is much stronger. There are a
enough o shore.
range of devices developed to capture…


Mr A Gibson


WOW - I am impressed. Educational Top Trumps. Get a game going and see how you learn the facts and figures!

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