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Geography ­ Going Global
What is globalisation?
Globalisation took off in the 1970's and is the
process by which people, their cultures, money,
goods and information can be transferred
between countries with few or no barriers.

International terrorism ­ globalisation creates a networked movement…

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G8, G8 +5, G20 eight most powerful countries in the world. E.g. Canada, France, UK,
USA. Meet annually to discuss global issues. Focus on agricultural trade.
OECDs organisation for economic cooperation and development. Richest/most
powerful economic organisations.
Ex-soviet states now independent e.g. Russia, Estonia, Ukraine.

Political groupings (TRADE BLOCS)

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MERCOSU South America ­ Free movement 1994 treaty gave Pending
R March 1991. Brazil, of goods, wide economic Venezuela.
Argentina, services and status. Parliament Negotiate
Paraguay, people. Create 2006. Common with NAFTA.
Uruguay. continent wide market council.
free trade area.
Creation of
COMESA 1994 replaced They are an…

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Impact on environment:
Increased output ­ wasted surplus
Hedge less landscape
Pollution of land/water
Not all members benefit equally

KENYA Flowers and wheat
The Kenyan glower industry has been able to trade with the EU ­ low exports/low duty
on flowers. They can grow all year round.
If the…

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low death rate. Globalisation speeds up DTM.

Lee's model of migration states that for
migration to happen, intervening
obstacles have to be overcome.

Changing global groups
OPEC is a cartel of 12 Middle Eastern
countries. Having the raw material did not
necessarily make these countries rich.
Oil companies used to…

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Vertical integration ­ controlling/owning every stage
Economies of scale ­ expansion
MEANS banks provide finance
MOBILITY factors which help companies grow e.g. communications/transport

Reached £2.7 billion in 2006. 1250 overseas stores keeping 450,000 people employed.
Online shopping.
Diversified to one stop shopping e.g. financial services, food, clothes and DVD's.

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Global hub case study What factors have led to this What are the
region becoming switched on? challenges/inequalities that
still remain?
East China World trade organisation 2001. Farmers earn £1.50 for 12
Lots of foreign investment hours work. Gap between
which stimulated growth. rich/poor. Once free
Export processing…

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environment Sahel is vulnerable to drought. Very little loss of crops/livelihoods. Water
rain. Creeping hazard. Desertification. shortage. Malnutrition/famine.
Ground overworked. Water borne diseases.
social HIV in Malawi. No people to work. Cycle low life expectancy.
of poverty and aids. Orphans.
Economic Africa's debt burdens. A quarter of export starving children.…

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Economic issues: Low GDP growth
Total investments less than 20%
Money goes back to Americans/Canadians
Social issues: Women who work live in shanty towns
Cost of living has risen but accommodation
still poor
Environmental issues: Pollution and sewage
10% of growth is needed to clean up
environmental problems

Geography ­…

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ethnicity ethnic mix. Minority groups 8%. large scale migration from
Segregation. 1950's onwards colonies. Maastricht treaty.
migration. Europeans came from EU. Job
shortage in the UK, inviting
people in. asylum seekers.

Use websites e.g. :

explaining the pattern of population change
population is constantly changing,…



Woah. Very useful :)

Mr A Gibson

Top, top quality notes for your folder. Get these included as part of your work and use the case studies here too. Brilliant notes for any exam board that includes globalisation.


Brill :) 


Amazing notes...Hopefully can get through these in the one month i have ;)





thank you

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