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Indian Historical Events
Indian Mutiny (Sepoy Mutiny) 1857:
Who by? Sepoys Bengali foot soldiers
What was it? Widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in
1857­58.Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India
Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and…

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FACT: by 1907 group had 2 factions
1 group of moderates led by Gokhale dominion status wanted
1 group of radicals led by Tilak ­ wanted independence
By 1920 led by Gandhi because Tilak and Gokhale died Besant no longer
important ­ passive resistance

Tibet expedition (1904):

Who? Lord Curzon…

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movement and developed into the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim
state in the Indian subcontinent.
Why did it happen? It was created in the context of the circumstances that were generated
over the partition of Bengal in 1905. Muslims were fed up of the Hindu…

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coping with the harsh winter. Fighting Turkey caused problems with Muslims troops who
did not want to go against the caliph and caused 3 mutinies of Muslim battalions.
Why did India Join? Out of loyalty to the Emperor King George V
Consequence? Compromised Internal control of India, no British Battalions…

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Montagu declaration (1917):
Who by? Lord Montagu a liberal secretary of State
What was it? A statement of gradual self government for India ­ not time scale was
indicated but within the British Empire
Why did it happen? Indians felt they should get some sort of reward for sacrifices made…

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the plan of Gandhi and gave a call for boycotting the government educational institutions,
offices and law courts. Call was also given to boycott the foreign cloth and adopt Khadi.
The programme included the actions like resigning from the government jobs, surrendering
the government conferred titles etc. Gradually, the movement…

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Why did it happen? Aimed to make the Raj ungovernable, force the British out
Consequence? Unfortunately the masses didn't understand the morality of the Satyagraha
and Hartals/ communal violence broke out. Chaura Chauri 22 policemen were torched to
death in a police station, the incident forced Gandhi to end Satyagraha…

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British india and the princely states should be federally bound.
12.GandhiIrwin Pact (1931):
Who by? Irwin
What was it? Compromise on the current stalemate
Why did it happen? Due to stalemate in india over its future, avoid violence
Consequence? ­ civil disobedience ended
Gandhi attended 2nd r table conference

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Indian reaction? ­ 2 million joined army
Halt federation plans
Lahore resolution muslims demanding Pakistan comparision to
Britain and Ireland call for separate states
Consequence? Caused divergence between muslim league and hindus weakened
the nationalist movement
British wanted to make weak concessions to avoid having to secure inside of india…

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Why did it happen? low harvest, low imports due to war, shortages of other foods.
Disease out breaks , Wavell manages to get imports but situation out of control
Consequence? Debts mounted, GB govt increase soldiers wages more pressure on
FACTS: cost of empire increase by £ 400 million…




Easy to understand and loved it. I was able to make simple notes that made sense and will be useful to revise from. However there is two sections missing that haven't been completed which were the two plans at the end. Is this going to be done or is it a research task?

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