Edexcel - German History - Unit 4: Problems faced by the Weimar Republic, 1919-23

This is Unit 4 of the Edexcel Collier German History - Unit 4: Problems faced by the Weimar Republic, 1919-23. I have summarised all of the main points in bite-size chunks; should make things more helpful.

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23




Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic,
1919-3

Timeline:

1918:
November: Attempted revolution at Munich; German Republic declared; Government led by Ebert
November: Ebert-Groener agreement
November: Political parties agree to hold elections to a…

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23




THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION ­ ESSENTIAL ARTICLES

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23




The Political Structure of the Weimar Republic




A Republic is Born:

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23




Republic = born from defeat and humiliation
[Article 231-Treay of Versailles: War Guilt clause]­ accept responsibility for war
Legitimacy of state/constitution = questioned elite/judiciary and army
Challenged by political extremists = communists, monarchists, Freikorps (ex-soldiers).
Therefore, Republic endangered.…

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23




The National Assembly, January 1919
Elections to National Assembly = January 1919
Participation = high ­ 85%
Parliamentary democracy (SPD, CENTRE and DDP) triumph from results = 76%
First Reich President of Weimar Republic - Ebert
Coalition cabinet…

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23




The Versailles Settlement ­ 28th June 1919
May 1919 ­ terms presented to horrified Germans, partic. War guilt clause
Anger that terms were not in line with conditions in which Germany surrendered.
Rather than accept treaty ­ Schiedemann…

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23




Reparations set in 1921 ­ meanwhile ­ Germany had to give Allies = all big merchant ships, ¼
of fishing fleet, build tons of shipping for Allies, pay for Army of occupation, sell German
property in Allied countries.…

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