Edexcel - German History - Unit 4: Problems faced by the Weimar Republic, 1919-23

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23
Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic,
1919-3
Timeline:
1918:
November: Attempted revolution at Munich; German Republic declared; Government led by Ebert
November: Ebert-Groener agreement
November: Political parties agree to hold elections to a national constituent assembly
1919:
January: Spartacist revolt in Berlin crushed by army and Freikorps
January: National Assembly elected
February: Ebert chosen as president
April: Soviet Republic declared in Bavaria
May: Presented with Treaty of Versailles
June: German fleet scuttled at Scapa Flow
June: Treaty of Versailles accepted
July: Weimar constitution adopted
1920:
March: Kapp-Luttwitz Putsch (Kapp Pustch)
June: Elections for Reichstag = votes down for Weimar coalition
1921:
May: Germany accepts reparations terms
August: Matthias Erzberger assassinated
1922:
April: Treaty of Rapello with Russia
June: Walther Rathenau assassinated
July: Law for the protection of the Republic
1923:
January: French and Belgian forces occupy the Ruhr
September: Gustav Stresemann = Chancellor
November: Attempted Munich Putsch by Nazis
November: Rentenmark introduced
[Article 231-Treay of Versailles: War Guilt clause]

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23
THE WEIMAR CONSTITUTION ­ ESSENTIAL ARTICLES…read more

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23
The Political Structure of the Weimar Republic
A Republic is Born:…read more

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23
Republic = born from defeat and humiliation
[Article 231-Treay of Versailles: War Guilt clause]­ accept responsibility for war
Legitimacy of state/constitution = questioned elite/judiciary and army
Challenged by political extremists = communists, monarchists, Freikorps (ex-soldiers).
Therefore, Republic endangered.…read more

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23…read more

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23
The National Assembly, January 1919
Elections to National Assembly = January 1919
Participation = high ­ 85%
Parliamentary democracy (SPD, CENTRE and DDP) triumph from results = 76%
First Reich President of Weimar Republic - Ebert
Coalition cabinet = Chancellor Schiedemann (SPD) ­ ministers from SPD, centre and DDP
SPD = 38% vote ; Centre = 20% vote ; DDP = 19% ; USPD = 7.…read more

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23
The Versailles Settlement ­ 28th June 1919
May 1919 ­ terms presented to horrified Germans, partic. War guilt clause
Anger that terms were not in line with conditions in which Germany surrendered.
Rather than accept treaty ­ Schiedemann + government resigned on 20th June
New government led by Chancellor Bauer (SPD) and Vice Chancellor Matthias Erzberger
(Centre).…read more

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Unit 4: What were the Problems faced by the Weimer Republic, 1919-23
Reparations set in 1921 ­ meanwhile ­ Germany had to give Allies = all big merchant ships, ¼
of fishing fleet, build tons of shipping for Allies, pay for Army of occupation, sell German
property in Allied countries.…read more

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