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History Specification
The rise of the Nazi Party
· The early years: the Weimar Republic.
·Challenges and recovery: the impact of economic problems 1923­29.
· Increasing support for the Nazi Party.
Amplification of content
The Weimar Republic includes its problems and successes and how these relate to the formation of the Nazi
party. The Spartacists, the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and reactions to this within Germany: the Kapp
Putsch, the formation of the National Socialist party.…read more

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The Weimar republic
In 1918, Germany became a democratic republic following the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II. A new
constitution was drawn up in 1919, at Weimar. In the first four years, the new Weimar Republic
struggled to survive; it had to overcome a range of problems, including political weaknesses, political
opposition and serious economic problems.
Despite attempts to create a stable and strong democratic Republic in Germany, the Republic did
have some political weaknesses.…read more

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Terms of Treaty of Versailles
1) War Guilt- Germany was responsible for the ALL the damage caused by the war
2) League of Nations- Germany wasn't allowed to join
3) German Armed forces- Army restricted to 100000 men and only 6 navy ships.…read more

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Germany was still very hostile - and not just in France.
In 1922, French and Belgium troops invaded the Ruhr; Germany's most valuable industrial
area. The French and Belgium troops took over the iron and steel factories, coal mines and
railways. Those Germans who lived in the Ruhr and were considered not to be co-operating
with the Germans were imprisoned. Food was taken.…read more

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The very rich suffered least because they had sufficient contacts to get food etc. Most of the
very rich were land owners and could produce food on their own estates.
The group that suffered a great deal - proportional to their income - was the middle class.
Their hard earned savings disappeared overnight. They did not have the wealth or land to fall
back on as the rich had. Many middle class families had to sell family heirlooms to survive.…read more

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Nazis were killed in the scuffle
The next day, 9 November 1923, Hitler and his Nazis went into Munich on what they thought
would be a triumphal march to take power.
However, Kahr had called in police and army reinforcements. There was a short scuffle in
which the police killed 16 Nazis.
Hitler fled, but was arrested two days later.
Why did Hitler attempt the Munich Putsch in 1923?
1. By 1923, the Nazi party had 55,000 members and was stronger than ever before.
2.…read more

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To become familiar with these events, identify the facts and arguments you would use to support
these statements about the Munich Putsch:
'It was a squalid little failure that we would ignore nowadays if Hitler hadn't eventually come to
'Hitler would have had no chance of ever gaining power without the failure of the Munich Putsch.'
Answer preparation
As part of your revision, think about the arguments and facts you would use to explain:
1. What happened in the Munich Putsch.
2.…read more


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