German History, Edexcel - From Kaiser to Fuhrer [Unit 5: 'Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29]

This is the 'Stresemann Years' chapter in the Edexcel from Kaiser to Fuhrer text book - summarised and simplified as much as I could. Hope it helps.

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Preview of German History, Edexcel - From Kaiser to Fuhrer [Unit 5: 'Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29]

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic,
1924-29?
Timeline:
1924:
May: Nationalist vote increases in Reichstag elections
August: Reichstag accepts the Dawes Plan
1925:
February: Death of President Ebert
April: Hindenburg elected President
October: Locarno Treaties signed
1926:
September: Germany admitted the League of Nations
1927:
August: Commercial Treaty signed ­ between France and Germany
1928:
May: Number of socialist votes in Reichstag election increase
1929:
September: Allies begin military evacuation of the Rhineland
October: Stresemann dies
December: Referendum upholds decision to adopt Young Plan.

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
Relative Political Stability
This period of the Weimar = absence of attempts to threaten republic
However ­ no political stability = parliamentary system failed to develop
Main reason for no development: Coalition government = not enough support to tackle
issues that faced democracy (blame with political parties)
Some parties still acted as interest groups representing own sectional group rather than
national parties government (due to their inexperience in forming govt)
Due to…read more

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
4. Reichsbank would be reorganised by Allies - Reparations made in a way that did not
threaten stability of German currency.…read more

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
Won election by split in anti-right vote (Z party and KPD)
Hindenburg = conservative and anti-socialist
Many hoped Hindenburg would destroy democracy when he came to power ­ but
Hindenburg had oath to protect the constitution
Election had huge impact on how constitution and democratic politics operated:
Hindenburg used presidential powers from start = great influence on membership of
coalitions (more than Ebert)
Hindenburg did everything to exclude SPD ­ made it…read more

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
The DNVP moves Right
Party polarisation was before wall street crash
ie. DNVP used to represent broad coalition of groups ­ became narrow, anti- republican
Sharp drop in DNVP vote (20% - 1924.…read more

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
Most economic recovery in mid 1920s relied on short term loans from abroad
As the Great Depression deepened ­ lenders wanted repayment
Depression = unemployment = unemployment benefits = angry employers have to pay
social-security
1927 ­ unemployment insurance law changed ­ fixed benefit to unemployed paid by the
Reich Institution
1927 ­ unemployment = 1.3 million --- insurance law change = effective
Early 1929 ­ unemployment = 3.…read more

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
Industry growth increased
1929 collapse = catalyst for economic discord and polarised employers and workers = too
SIMPLISTIC
1924 ­ 29 = no peace in industrial relations
Monetary Stability - Agricultural Problems
Monetary stability = based on foreign capital
Other areas of economy = suffered change and unrest
1922 - Food price collapse = widespread rural poverty
Industrial Unrest ­
1923-29 = economic growth ­ but not `stability' particularly with industrial relations…read more

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
1927 ­ Labour Exchanges and Unemployment Insurance Law introduced unemployment
insurance (led to collapse of Grand coalition)
The Welfare State ­ Housing and Public Health
Before WW1 ­ state housing was built
State spending on housing = grew rapidly throughout 1920s
By 1929 ­ State spending 33x more money on housing (than 1913)
House building programme to improve quality of housing
Better health insurance = better medical provision = reduction in certain…read more

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
Bauhaus = inspiration for Kandinsky and building design of new towns (particular
Weissenhof)
Departure from traditional art = music (Schonberg), literature of Neue Sachlichkeit
(Doblin)
Theatre/cinema reflected social issues ­ ie WW1 works (pacifist - All Quiet on the
Western Front - 1928)
Alienation from Weimar Republic = common feature of writing/art on left and right ­
Weimar's failure to construct new political culture
Neue Sachlichkeit ­ open style that explored weaknesses…read more

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?
Labour Govt election (MacDonald) in Britain produced friendly attitude towards Germans
and subsequent govts maintained this
Victory of left in French election = changed attitudes towards Germany ­ more
constructive dialogue with Germany
For Stresemann (Foreign minister) = opportunities to revise ToV and reparations through
diplomacy ie Dawes Plan, Young Plan
Locarno ­ 1925
Germany's priority = remove French from Rhineland
January 1925 ­ Allies said they would not vacate by the…read more

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