German History, Edexcel - From Kaiser to Fuhrer [Unit 5: 'Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29]

This is the 'Stresemann Years' chapter in the Edexcel from Kaiser to Fuhrer text book - summarised and simplified as much as I could. Hope it helps.

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic,
1924-29?

Timeline:

1924:
May: Nationalist vote increases in Reichstag elections
August: Reichstag accepts the Dawes Plan

1925:
February: Death of President Ebert
April: Hindenburg elected President
October:…

Page 2

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




Relative Political Stability
This period of the Weimar = absence of attempts to threaten republic
However ­ no political stability = parliamentary system failed to develop
Main reason for no development: Coalition government = not enough support…

Page 3

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




4. Reichsbank would be reorganised by Allies - Reparations made in a way that did not
threaten stability of German currency.
Difficult for Marx to get Dawes Plan through Reichstag = involved acceptance of paying
reparations
Drop…

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




Won election by split in anti-right vote (Z party and KPD)
Hindenburg = conservative and anti-socialist
Many hoped Hindenburg would destroy democracy when he came to power ­ but
Hindenburg had oath to protect the constitution
Election…

Page 5

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




The DNVP moves Right
Party polarisation was before wall street crash
ie. DNVP used to represent broad coalition of groups ­ became narrow, anti- republican
Sharp drop in DNVP vote (20% - 1924. 14% - 1928)
1928…

Page 6

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




Most economic recovery in mid 1920s relied on short term loans from abroad
As the Great Depression deepened ­ lenders wanted repayment
Depression = unemployment = unemployment benefits = angry employers have to pay
social-security
1927 ­…

Page 7

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




Industry growth increased
1929 collapse = catalyst for economic discord and polarised employers and workers = too
SIMPLISTIC
1924 ­ 29 = no peace in industrial relations

Monetary Stability - Agricultural Problems
Monetary stability = based on…

Page 8

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




1927 ­ Labour Exchanges and Unemployment Insurance Law introduced unemployment
insurance (led to collapse of Grand coalition)

The Welfare State ­ Housing and Public Health
Before WW1 ­ state housing was built
State spending on housing =…

Page 9

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




Bauhaus = inspiration for Kandinsky and building design of new towns (particular
Weissenhof)
Departure from traditional art = music (Schonberg), literature of Neue Sachlichkeit
(Doblin)
Theatre/cinema reflected social issues ­ ie WW1 works (pacifist - All Quiet…

Page 10

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Unit 5: How stable were the `Stresemann Years' of the Weimar Republic, 1924-29?




Labour Govt election (MacDonald) in Britain produced friendly attitude towards Germans
and subsequent govts maintained this
Victory of left in French election = changed attitudes towards Germany ­ more
constructive dialogue with Germany
For Stresemann (Foreign minister)…

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