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Slide 1

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What were the
problems faced by the
Weimar Republic?
1919-23
Problems faced by the Weimar
Republic: 1919-23…read more

Slide 2

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The republic
Born against a backdrop of defeat and national
humiliation.
Forced to accept responsibility for the war.
Legitimacy of the country questioned by the elites.
From political extremists: Communists,
monarchists, ex-soldiers (Freikorps).
Problems faced by the Weimar
Republic: 1919-23…read more

Slide 3

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Challenges
Treaty of Versailles
Reparations
War guilt
Weimar constitution fundamental weaknesses
Threat from the left (Extremism).
Problems faced by the Weimar
Republic: 1919-23…read more

Slide 4

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Threats from the left and right
USPD challenged Ebert's govt decision to hold elections ­
hoped for worker's seizure of power.
SPD sought a democratic Germany
Reject revolution.
Spartacists (broke away from USPD in 1918)
Nationalisation
Power devolved to workers and soldiers councils
Military, judiciary and civil service opposed new
Republic (feared their influence would diminish).
Problems faced by the Weimar
Republic: 1919-23…read more

Slide 5

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Ebert-Groener agreement
1918
Attempt to ensure that the army would support the
govt if a revolution/uprising came (threat form
Spartacists).
Army given promise of protection of its status above
workers and soldiers councils.
Ebert wanted to use the army as a means of
defeating the more radical USPD and the KPD
(German Communist Party) and the Spartacists.
Problems faced by the Weimar
Republic: 1919-23…read more

Slide 6

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Spartacist revolt 1919
Formal creation of the German Communist party ­
KPD.
Creation of the party was followed by a
revolutionary uprising in Berlin.
Newspaper offices were seized and committees were
formed.
Problems faced by the Weimar
Republic: 1919-23…read more

Slide 7

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Slide 8

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