Weimar

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  • Created on: 15-05-13 11:32
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What were the problems faced by the Weimar Republic:
1919-23?
Initial threats to the Weimar republic:
Red Bavaria-
o On the 6th April 1919, the Bavarian soviet Republic was declared- Left Wing
o They aimed to declare the Soviet Republic
o They were dealt with through the Arm and Freikorps sending a force of some 30,000 troops into Bavaria
o They did not have a particularly large impact because the soviet Republic was crushed after some bitter fighting,
o However, this fighting claimed the lives of 1,000 members of the `Red Army', and once the fighting stopped, the army
rounded up 800 known communists and executed them
o Kurt Eisner, leader of the USPD was assassinated by a right-wing student
Spartacists-
o Far-left
o They aimed to provoke a revolution similar to that in Russia in 1917. They also hoped to see the cancellations of the
elections for the National Assembly and all power transferred to workers and soldiers councils
o They were led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg who were both murdered by the army
o They were dealt with by troops from the regular army and Freikorps who crushed the revolt easily
o They formally created the German Communist Party (KPD) in 1919 with the support of other left wing groups which was
followed by a revolutionary uprising in Berlin that started on 5th January
The `Old guard'-
o `Old guard' refers to the army, judiciary and civil service left from the previous government
o They were right-wing
o They aimed to get the army behind them in case of a rebellion from the radical left

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Ebert (Chancellor) turned to the army as the means by which forces of moderate socialism could defeat a more radical
left of the USPD and then the German Communist Party and the Spartacists
Freikorps-
o Right-wing
o The Freikorps were private paramilitary groups composed of ex-soldiers and un-employed youth
o Their aim was to put down left-wing revolts
o They crushed uprisings easily- possibly saving Germany from a general uprising
o The governments were tied to using anti-democratic forces- the army and Freikorps- to `restore…read more

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Held emergency powers to suspend individual rights and take whatever measures were necessary to restore order
The Reich Chancellor and Reich Cabinet:
o Under ordinary circumstances formed the government of Germany
o The Reich Chancellor presided over the government
o Were accountable to the Reichstag and had to resign if they lost the Reichstag's confidence
The Reichstag:
o The lower and more important house of the legislature or law-making body
o Elected for four years at a time by proportional representation
Bill of rights:
o…read more

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Structure of the Weimar Constitution
Was the Weimar Republic fatally flawed because of its constitution?
Issue: Was Flawed Was not Flawed…read more

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Proportional Representation This system meant that it would Arguably this was a more
(where a certain amount of seats be near impossible to pass new democratic system because the
are allocated depending on the laws due to the amount of number of seats in the Reichstag
number of votes) opposition brought in from the represented the number of votes.
varying views of different parties
(this method allowed small
parties to get into power) within
the Reichstag.…read more

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The main parties involved were: France, Great Britain, Italy (break from Austrian rule), USA (wanted a stable Europe-
financially dominant) - Germany was only invited to turn up and sign what was put in front of them- this was because they
were seen as the largest threat.…read more

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Long term impact:
Reparations led to hyper-inflation- people lose faith in government and republic
The great empires of Russia, Austria-Hungary and Turkey had gone
Diktat- being dictated to them without agreement- anger grew
`stab in the back' severely weakened the Weimar democracy from the beginning
Reparations- set up in 1921.…read more

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Nobody was in a position to attack/ invade Germany.…read more

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Left wing vs.…read more

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